Calmodulin (CaM), a ubiquitous and highly conserved Ca2+-sensor protein involved in the regulation of over 300 molecular targets, has been recently associated with severe forms of lethal arrhythmia. Here, we investigated how arrhythmia-associated mutations in CaM localized at the C-terminal lobe alter the molecular recognition with Ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2), specifically expressed in cardiomyocytes. We performed an extensive structural, thermodynamic, and kinetic characterization of the variants D95V/H in the EF3 Ca2+-binding motif and of the D129V and D131H/E variants in the EF4 motif, and probed their interaction with RyR2. Our results show that the specific structural changes observed for individual CaM variants do not extend to the complex with the RyR2 target. Indeed, some common alterations emerge at the protein-protein interaction level, suggesting the existence of general features shared by the arrhythmia-associated variants. All mutants showed a faster rate of dissociation from the target peptide than wild-type CaM. Integration of spectroscopic data with exhaustive molecular dynamics simulations suggests that, in the presence of Ca2+, functional recognition involves allosteric interactions initiated by the N-terminal lobe of CaM, which shows a lower affinity for Ca2+ compared to the C-terminal lobe in the isolated protein.

Alterations in calmodulin-cardiac ryanodine receptor molecular recognition in congenital arrhythmias

Dal Cortivo, Giuditta;Barracchia, Carlo Giorgio;Marino, Valerio;D'Onofrio, Mariapina
;
Dell'Orco, Daniele
2022

Abstract

Calmodulin (CaM), a ubiquitous and highly conserved Ca2+-sensor protein involved in the regulation of over 300 molecular targets, has been recently associated with severe forms of lethal arrhythmia. Here, we investigated how arrhythmia-associated mutations in CaM localized at the C-terminal lobe alter the molecular recognition with Ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2), specifically expressed in cardiomyocytes. We performed an extensive structural, thermodynamic, and kinetic characterization of the variants D95V/H in the EF3 Ca2+-binding motif and of the D129V and D131H/E variants in the EF4 motif, and probed their interaction with RyR2. Our results show that the specific structural changes observed for individual CaM variants do not extend to the complex with the RyR2 target. Indeed, some common alterations emerge at the protein-protein interaction level, suggesting the existence of general features shared by the arrhythmia-associated variants. All mutants showed a faster rate of dissociation from the target peptide than wild-type CaM. Integration of spectroscopic data with exhaustive molecular dynamics simulations suggests that, in the presence of Ca2+, functional recognition involves allosteric interactions initiated by the N-terminal lobe of CaM, which shows a lower affinity for Ca2+ compared to the C-terminal lobe in the isolated protein.
allostery
arrhythmia
calcium
molecular dynamics
calmodulin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1057623
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