: We tested the hypothesis that common genetic variability of beta-cell genes responsible for monogenic diabetes may affect beta cell function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We studied 794 drug- naïve GAD-negative patients with newly diagnosed T2DM (age: median=59 years; I.Q. range: 52-66; body mass index: 29.3 kg/m2; 26.6-32.9). Beta-cell function was assessed by state-of-art mathematical modeling of glucose/C-peptide curves during a 240'-300' frequently sampled oral glucose tolerance test, to provide the beta-cell responses to the rate of increase in glucose concentration (derivative control: DC) and to glucose concentration (proportional control: PC). Forty-two single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs), selected to cover over 90% of common genetic variability, were genotyped in nine monogenic diabetes genes: HNF4A, GCK, HNF1A, PDX1, HNF1B, NEUROD1, KLF11, KCNJ11 and ABCC8. Allelic variants of four SNPs (rs1303722 and rs882019 of GCK, rs7310409 of HNF1A and rs5219 of KCNJ11) were significantly associated with DC of beta-cell secretion (all P < 0.036). Allelic variants of four other SNPs (rs2868094 and rs6031544 of HNF4A, and rs1801262 and rs12053195 of NEUROD1) were associated with PC of beta-cell secretion (P < 0.02). In multivariate models, GCK, HNF1A and KCNJ11 SNPs explained 2.5% of the DC variability of beta-cell secretion, whereas HNF4A and NEUROD1 SNPs explained 3.6% of the PC variability of beta-cell secretion. We conclude that common variability of monogenic diabetes genes is significantly associated with an impaired beta-cell function in patients with newly diagnosed T2DM; thereby, these genes might be targeted by specific treatments in T2DM.
Bonetti, S;Zusi, C;Rinaldi, E;Boselli, M L;Csermely, A;Malerba, G;Trabetti, E;Bonora, E;Bonadonna, R C;Trombetta, M
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