MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that participate in gene expression regulation. It has been observed that circulating levels of miRNAs may fluctuate during exercise, showing numerous cardiac biological and physiological effects such as structural and functional adaptations. We aimed to provide an overview of the currently available information concerning the role of circulating miRNAs in cardiovascular adaptations in response to acute and/or chronic exercise training. Relevant studies published were searched in three databases: PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. A combination of the following keywords was used: (“microRNA” OR “miRNA” OR “miR” AND “exercise” OR “training” OR “physical activity”) AND “(heart hypertrophy” OR “cardiac remodeling” OR “cardiac muscle mass” OR “cardiac hypertrophy”). Only experimental studies, written in English and conducted in healthy individuals were included. Five articles met the inclusion criteria and were finally included in this systematic review after reviewing both title, abstract and full-text. A total of thirty-six circulating cardiac-related miRNAs were analyzed, but only five of them (miR-1, miR-133a, miR-146a, miR-206 and miR-221) were directly associated with cardiac adaptations parameters, while two of them (miR-1 and miR-133a) were related to cardiac hypertrophy. Most of them were upregulated immediately after a marathon and returned to basal levels at longer times. Therefore, we conclude that, although evidence is still limited, and long-term studies are needed to obtain more robust evidence, exercise is more likely to affect circulating cardiac-related miRNAs levels.

Circulating microRNAs fluctuations in exercise-induced cardiac remodeling: A systematic review

Giuseppe Lippi;
2021

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that participate in gene expression regulation. It has been observed that circulating levels of miRNAs may fluctuate during exercise, showing numerous cardiac biological and physiological effects such as structural and functional adaptations. We aimed to provide an overview of the currently available information concerning the role of circulating miRNAs in cardiovascular adaptations in response to acute and/or chronic exercise training. Relevant studies published were searched in three databases: PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. A combination of the following keywords was used: (“microRNA” OR “miRNA” OR “miR” AND “exercise” OR “training” OR “physical activity”) AND “(heart hypertrophy” OR “cardiac remodeling” OR “cardiac muscle mass” OR “cardiac hypertrophy”). Only experimental studies, written in English and conducted in healthy individuals were included. Five articles met the inclusion criteria and were finally included in this systematic review after reviewing both title, abstract and full-text. A total of thirty-six circulating cardiac-related miRNAs were analyzed, but only five of them (miR-1, miR-133a, miR-146a, miR-206 and miR-221) were directly associated with cardiac adaptations parameters, while two of them (miR-1 and miR-133a) were related to cardiac hypertrophy. Most of them were upregulated immediately after a marathon and returned to basal levels at longer times. Therefore, we conclude that, although evidence is still limited, and long-term studies are needed to obtain more robust evidence, exercise is more likely to affect circulating cardiac-related miRNAs levels.
microRNAs, exercise, cardiac remodeling, systematic review
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1055607
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