Preclinical studies have demonstrated that Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) plays a crucial role in the homeostatic regulation of cortical excitability and excitation/inhibition balance. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) techniques we investigated whether BDNF polymorphism could influence cortical excitability of the left and right primary motor cortex in healthy humans. Twenty-nine participants were recruited and genotyped for the presence of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism, namely homozygous for the valine allele (Val/Val), heterozygotes (Val/Met), and homozygous for the methionine allele (Met/Met). Blinded to the latter, we evaluated inhibitory and facilitatory circuits of the left (LH) and right motor cortex (RH) by measuring resting (RMT) and active motor threshold (AMT), short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF). For each neurophysiological metric we also considered the inter-hemispheric balance expressed by the Laterality Index (LI). Val/Val participants (n= 21) exhibited an overall higher excitability of the LH compared to the RH, as probed by lower motor thresholds, lower SICI and higher ICF. Val/Val participants displayed positive LI, especially for AMT and ICF (all p< 0.05), indicating higher LH excitability and more pronounced inter-hemispheric excitability imbalance as compared to Met carriers. Our preliminary results suggest that BDNF Val66Met polymorphism might influence interhemispheric balance of motor cortex excitability.

BDNF polymorphism and inter hemispheric balance of motor cortex excitability: a preliminary study

Ranieri, Federico;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Preclinical studies have demonstrated that Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) plays a crucial role in the homeostatic regulation of cortical excitability and excitation/inhibition balance. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) techniques we investigated whether BDNF polymorphism could influence cortical excitability of the left and right primary motor cortex in healthy humans. Twenty-nine participants were recruited and genotyped for the presence of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism, namely homozygous for the valine allele (Val/Val), heterozygotes (Val/Met), and homozygous for the methionine allele (Met/Met). Blinded to the latter, we evaluated inhibitory and facilitatory circuits of the left (LH) and right motor cortex (RH) by measuring resting (RMT) and active motor threshold (AMT), short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF). For each neurophysiological metric we also considered the inter-hemispheric balance expressed by the Laterality Index (LI). Val/Val participants (n= 21) exhibited an overall higher excitability of the LH compared to the RH, as probed by lower motor thresholds, lower SICI and higher ICF. Val/Val participants displayed positive LI, especially for AMT and ICF (all p< 0.05), indicating higher LH excitability and more pronounced inter-hemispheric excitability imbalance as compared to Met carriers. Our preliminary results suggest that BDNF Val66Met polymorphism might influence interhemispheric balance of motor cortex excitability.
GABA
glutamate
TMS
use-dependent plasticity
variability
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1054427
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