Land plants produce a vast arsenal of specialized metabolites and many of them display interesting bioactivities in humans. Recently, flavonol quercetin gained great attention in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic because, in addition to the anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anti-cancer activity already described, it emerged as possible inhibitor of 3CLpro, the major protease of SARS-CoV-2 virus. Plant cell and tissue culture (PCTC) is an attractive platform for the biotechnological production of plant metabolites. This technology allows a large amount of water and agricultural land to be saved and, being free of contaminants in the process, it is suitable for scaling up the production in bioreactors. In a project aimed to generate and screen in vitro plant cells for the production of valuable specialized metabolites for commercial production, we generated various cell lines from Actinidia deliciosa (kiwi fruit tree) and Actinidia chinensis (gold kiwi fruit tree), that were able to produce relevant amounts of quercetin derivatives, mainly quercetin glycosides. Three cell lines from A. deliciosa were characterized by targeted and untargeted metabolomics. In standard growing conditions, they produce and accumulate up to 13.26 mg/100 g fresh weight (419.76 mg/100 g dry weight) of quercetin derivatives. To address future industrial applications, these cell lines should be entered into an acceleration program to further increase the amount of these metabolites by optimizing the culture conditions and elicitation.

Undifferentiated In Vitro Cultured Actinidia deliciosa as Cell Factory for the Production of Quercetin Glycosides

Negri, S;Gambini, S;Ceoldo, S;Avesani, L;Commisso, M
;
Guzzo, F
2021-01-01

Abstract

Land plants produce a vast arsenal of specialized metabolites and many of them display interesting bioactivities in humans. Recently, flavonol quercetin gained great attention in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic because, in addition to the anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anti-cancer activity already described, it emerged as possible inhibitor of 3CLpro, the major protease of SARS-CoV-2 virus. Plant cell and tissue culture (PCTC) is an attractive platform for the biotechnological production of plant metabolites. This technology allows a large amount of water and agricultural land to be saved and, being free of contaminants in the process, it is suitable for scaling up the production in bioreactors. In a project aimed to generate and screen in vitro plant cells for the production of valuable specialized metabolites for commercial production, we generated various cell lines from Actinidia deliciosa (kiwi fruit tree) and Actinidia chinensis (gold kiwi fruit tree), that were able to produce relevant amounts of quercetin derivatives, mainly quercetin glycosides. Three cell lines from A. deliciosa were characterized by targeted and untargeted metabolomics. In standard growing conditions, they produce and accumulate up to 13.26 mg/100 g fresh weight (419.76 mg/100 g dry weight) of quercetin derivatives. To address future industrial applications, these cell lines should be entered into an acceleration program to further increase the amount of these metabolites by optimizing the culture conditions and elicitation.
quercetin
flavonoids
plant cell and tissue culture
Actinida deliciosa
Actinidia chinensis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1054032
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