Aim To evaluate the impact of a virtual educational camp (vEC) on glucose control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes using a closed-loop control (CLC) system. Materials and Methods This was a prospective multicentre study of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes using the Tandem Basal-IQ system. Insulin pumps were upgraded to Control-IQ, and children and their parents participated in a 3-day multidisciplinary vEC. Clinical data, glucose metrics and HbA1c were evaluated over the 12 weeks prior to the Control-IQ update and over the 12 weeks after the vEC. Results Forty-three children and adolescents (aged 7-16 years) with type 1 diabetes and their families participated in the vEC. The median percentage of time in target range (70-180 mg/dL; TIR) increased from 64% (interquartile range [IQR] 56%-73%) with Basal-IQ to 76% (IQR 71%-81%) with Control-IQ (P < .001). After the vEC, more than 75% of participants achieved a TIR of more than 70%. The percentage of time between 180 and 250 mg/dL and above 250 mg/dL decreased by 5% (P < .01) and 6% (P < .01), respectively, while the time between 70 and 54 mg/dL and below 54 mg/dL remained low and unaltered. HbA1c decreased by 0.5% (P < .01). There were no episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis or severe hypoglycaemia. Conclusions In this study of children managing their diabetes in a real-world setting, more than 75% of children who participated in a vEC after starting a CLC system could obtain and maintain a TIR of more than 70%. The vEC was feasible and resulted in a significant and persistent improvement in TIR in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Effectiveness of a closed-loop control system and a virtual educational camp for children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: A prospective, multicentre, real-life study

Marigliano, Marco;Maffeis, Claudio;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Aim To evaluate the impact of a virtual educational camp (vEC) on glucose control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes using a closed-loop control (CLC) system. Materials and Methods This was a prospective multicentre study of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes using the Tandem Basal-IQ system. Insulin pumps were upgraded to Control-IQ, and children and their parents participated in a 3-day multidisciplinary vEC. Clinical data, glucose metrics and HbA1c were evaluated over the 12 weeks prior to the Control-IQ update and over the 12 weeks after the vEC. Results Forty-three children and adolescents (aged 7-16 years) with type 1 diabetes and their families participated in the vEC. The median percentage of time in target range (70-180 mg/dL; TIR) increased from 64% (interquartile range [IQR] 56%-73%) with Basal-IQ to 76% (IQR 71%-81%) with Control-IQ (P < .001). After the vEC, more than 75% of participants achieved a TIR of more than 70%. The percentage of time between 180 and 250 mg/dL and above 250 mg/dL decreased by 5% (P < .01) and 6% (P < .01), respectively, while the time between 70 and 54 mg/dL and below 54 mg/dL remained low and unaltered. HbA1c decreased by 0.5% (P < .01). There were no episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis or severe hypoglycaemia. Conclusions In this study of children managing their diabetes in a real-world setting, more than 75% of children who participated in a vEC after starting a CLC system could obtain and maintain a TIR of more than 70%. The vEC was feasible and resulted in a significant and persistent improvement in TIR in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
CSII
continuous glucose monitoring
glycaemic control
insulin pump therapy
observational study
type 1 diabetes
Adolescent
Blood Glucose
Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
Child
Humans
Hypoglycemic Agents
Insulin
Insulin Infusion Systems
Prospective Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1053969
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