Purpose: To assess choriocapillaris vascular density (VD) in healthy and advanced exudative age-related macular degeneration (ae-AMD) patients by new full-range optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Method: In this observational, cross-sectional study, 21 healthy and 21 ae-AMD eyes, already treated with anti-VEGF, were enrolled. Angio-View retina patterns centered on fovea (6.4 × 6.4 mm) were acquired for all participants using Solix full-range OCT (Optovue Inc., Freemont, CA, USA). The main outcome was to compare choriocapillaris VD between healthy and ae-AMD eyes. Automated measurements of whole image choriocapillaris VD (%) and fovea grid-based (%) were collected for the analysis. Angio-View patterns were used to assess the flow area (mm2) of macular neovascularization (MNV) by contour flow measure algorithm. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of both groups was also used for the statistical analysis. Results: The mean age was 60.9 (±8.3) in healthy and 73.33 (±15.05) in ae-AMD eyes. The mean BCVA (ETDRS letters) was 98.47 (±1.50) in healthy and 7.04 (±5.96) in ae-AMD eyes. The Mann-Whitney test comparing choriocapillaries VD for whole and fovea healthy and ae-AMD eyes showed statistical significance (p < 0.0001 (t = 4.91; df = 40) and p < 0.0001 (t = 6.84; df = 40), respectively). Regarding, the correlation between MNV and VD of choriocapillaries, neither whole nor fovea areas were statistically significant (F = 0.38 (R2 = 0.01) and 1.68 (R2 = 0.08), respectively). Conclusions: Choriocapillaris VD showed a statistically significant reduction in comparison to healthy eyes in ae-AMD eyes. Choriocapillaris impairment can be seen in the early phase of MNV pathogenesis.

Choriocapillaris vascular density changes: healthy vs. advanced exudative age-related macular degeneration previously treated with multiple anti-VEGF intravitreal injections

Kilian, Raphael;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To assess choriocapillaris vascular density (VD) in healthy and advanced exudative age-related macular degeneration (ae-AMD) patients by new full-range optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Method: In this observational, cross-sectional study, 21 healthy and 21 ae-AMD eyes, already treated with anti-VEGF, were enrolled. Angio-View retina patterns centered on fovea (6.4 × 6.4 mm) were acquired for all participants using Solix full-range OCT (Optovue Inc., Freemont, CA, USA). The main outcome was to compare choriocapillaris VD between healthy and ae-AMD eyes. Automated measurements of whole image choriocapillaris VD (%) and fovea grid-based (%) were collected for the analysis. Angio-View patterns were used to assess the flow area (mm2) of macular neovascularization (MNV) by contour flow measure algorithm. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of both groups was also used for the statistical analysis. Results: The mean age was 60.9 (±8.3) in healthy and 73.33 (±15.05) in ae-AMD eyes. The mean BCVA (ETDRS letters) was 98.47 (±1.50) in healthy and 7.04 (±5.96) in ae-AMD eyes. The Mann-Whitney test comparing choriocapillaries VD for whole and fovea healthy and ae-AMD eyes showed statistical significance (p < 0.0001 (t = 4.91; df = 40) and p < 0.0001 (t = 6.84; df = 40), respectively). Regarding, the correlation between MNV and VD of choriocapillaries, neither whole nor fovea areas were statistically significant (F = 0.38 (R2 = 0.01) and 1.68 (R2 = 0.08), respectively). Conclusions: Choriocapillaris VD showed a statistically significant reduction in comparison to healthy eyes in ae-AMD eyes. Choriocapillaris impairment can be seen in the early phase of MNV pathogenesis.
OCT angiography
advanced exudative AMD
age-related macular degeneration
biomarkers
innovative biotechnologies
macular neovascularization
personalized medicine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1052982
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