Directional tests to compare incomplete undirected graphs are developed in the general context of covariance selection for Gaussian graphical models. The exactness of the underlying sad- dlepoint approximation is proved for chordal graphs and leads to exact control of the size of the tests, given that the only approximation error involved is due to the numerical calculation of two scalar integrals. Although exactness is not guaranteed for non-chordal graphs, the ability of the saddlepoint approximation to control the relative error leads the directional test to overperform its competitors even in these cases. The accuracy of our proposal is verified by simulation experiments under chal- lenging scenarios, where inference via standard asymptotic approximations to the likelihood ratio test and some of its higher-order modifications fails. The directional approach is used to illustrate the assessment of Markovian dependencies in a dataset from a veterinary trial on cattle. A second example with microarray data shows how to select the graph structure related to genetic anomalies due to acute lymphocytic leukemia.

Directional tests in Gaussian graphical models

C. Di Caterina
Investigation
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Directional tests to compare incomplete undirected graphs are developed in the general context of covariance selection for Gaussian graphical models. The exactness of the underlying sad- dlepoint approximation is proved for chordal graphs and leads to exact control of the size of the tests, given that the only approximation error involved is due to the numerical calculation of two scalar integrals. Although exactness is not guaranteed for non-chordal graphs, the ability of the saddlepoint approximation to control the relative error leads the directional test to overperform its competitors even in these cases. The accuracy of our proposal is verified by simulation experiments under chal- lenging scenarios, where inference via standard asymptotic approximations to the likelihood ratio test and some of its higher-order modifications fails. The directional approach is used to illustrate the assessment of Markovian dependencies in a dataset from a veterinary trial on cattle. A second example with microarray data shows how to select the graph structure related to genetic anomalies due to acute lymphocytic leukemia.
2024
Likelihood Ratio Test
Saddlepoint Approximation
Undirected Graph
Covariance Selection
Exponential Family
Higher-order Asymptotics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1052817
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