Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) show an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mortality. Many factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of CVD in patients with T2DM. Among the factors involved, chronic hyperglycemia and the cluster of CVD risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity, play a major role. For many years, the control of hyperglycemia has been complicated by the fact that the use of many available drugs was associated with an increased risk of hypoglycemia. Paradoxically, hypoglycemia per se represents a risk factor for CVD. Recently, new drugs for the control of hyperglycemia have become available: many of them can determine a good control of hyperglycemia with minor risks of hypoglycemia. Among these new classes of drugs, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) offer many advantages. In addition to a strong anti-hyperglycemic action, they possess the ability to act on body weight and other relevant risk factors for CVD. Consistently, some of the GLP-1RAs have demonstrated, in RCT designed to assess their safety, to reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events. Furthermore, GLP-1RAs possess properties useful to treat additional conditions, as the capability of improving liver damage in patients with NAFLD or NASH, highly prevalent conditions in people with T2DM. In this document, written by experts of the Italian diabetes society (SID), we will focus our attention on the therapy with GLP-1RAs in patients with T2DM, particularly on the effects on hyperglycemia, cardiovascular disease risk factors, NAFLD/NASH and CVD prevention.

Beneficial effects of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists on glucose control, cardiovascular risk profile, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. An expert opinion of the Italian diabetes society

Targher, Giovanni
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2021

Abstract

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) show an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mortality. Many factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of CVD in patients with T2DM. Among the factors involved, chronic hyperglycemia and the cluster of CVD risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity, play a major role. For many years, the control of hyperglycemia has been complicated by the fact that the use of many available drugs was associated with an increased risk of hypoglycemia. Paradoxically, hypoglycemia per se represents a risk factor for CVD. Recently, new drugs for the control of hyperglycemia have become available: many of them can determine a good control of hyperglycemia with minor risks of hypoglycemia. Among these new classes of drugs, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) offer many advantages. In addition to a strong anti-hyperglycemic action, they possess the ability to act on body weight and other relevant risk factors for CVD. Consistently, some of the GLP-1RAs have demonstrated, in RCT designed to assess their safety, to reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events. Furthermore, GLP-1RAs possess properties useful to treat additional conditions, as the capability of improving liver damage in patients with NAFLD or NASH, highly prevalent conditions in people with T2DM. In this document, written by experts of the Italian diabetes society (SID), we will focus our attention on the therapy with GLP-1RAs in patients with T2DM, particularly on the effects on hyperglycemia, cardiovascular disease risk factors, NAFLD/NASH and CVD prevention.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1052401
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