In this study we provide an analytical characterization of the impact of zero returns on the popular realized covariance estimator of Barndorff-Nielsen and Shephard [Econometric analysis of realized covariation: High frequency based covariance, regression, and correlation in financial economics. Econometrica, 2004, 72(3), 885-925]. In our framework, efficient price processes evolve as a semimartingale with some likelihood of repeated prices. We show that the standard realized covariance estimator is asymptotically affected by a downward bias, and the size of the bias depends on these likelihoods. We demonstrate that this result can be used to construct a consistent estimator of the integrated covariance of a vector semimartingale. The advantages with respect to other estimators are discussed with data.

A closed-form formula characterization of the Epps effect

Buccheri G.;
2020

Abstract

In this study we provide an analytical characterization of the impact of zero returns on the popular realized covariance estimator of Barndorff-Nielsen and Shephard [Econometric analysis of realized covariation: High frequency based covariance, regression, and correlation in financial economics. Econometrica, 2004, 72(3), 885-925]. In our framework, efficient price processes evolve as a semimartingale with some likelihood of repeated prices. We show that the standard realized covariance estimator is asymptotically affected by a downward bias, and the size of the bias depends on these likelihoods. We demonstrate that this result can be used to construct a consistent estimator of the integrated covariance of a vector semimartingale. The advantages with respect to other estimators are discussed with data.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1051961
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