In this study we provide an analytical characterization of the impact of zero returns on the popular realized covariance estimator of Barndorff-Nielsen and Shephard [Econometric analysis of realized covariation: High frequency based covariance, regression, and correlation in financial economics. Econometrica, 2004, 72(3), 885-925]. In our framework, efficient price processes evolve as a semimartingale with some likelihood of repeated prices. We show that the standard realized covariance estimator is asymptotically affected by a downward bias, and the size of the bias depends on these likelihoods. We demonstrate that this result can be used to construct a consistent estimator of the integrated covariance of a vector semimartingale. The advantages with respect to other estimators are discussed with data.
|Titolo:||A closed-form formula characterization of the Epps effect|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|