Nanosized biomimetics prepared by the strategy of molecular imprinting, that is, the stamping of recognition sites by means of a template-assisted synthesis, are demonstrating potential as plastic antibodies in medicine, proving effective for cell imaging and targeted therapies. Most molecularly imprinted nanoparticles (MIP-NPs) are currently made of soft matter, such as polyacrylamide and derivatives. Yet, MIP-NPs biocompatibility is crucial for their effective translation into clinical uses. Here, we propose the original idea to synthesize fully biocompatible molecularly imprinted nanoparticles starting from the natural polymer silk fibroin (MIP SF-NPs), which is nontoxic and highly biocompatible. The conditions to produce MIP SF-NPs of different sizes (dmean ∼ 50 nm; dmean ∼ 100 nm) were set using the response surface method. The stamping of a single, high affinity (KD = 57 × 10-9 M), and selective recognition site per silk fibroin nanoparticle was demonstrated, together with the confirmation of nontoxicity. Additionally, MIP SF-NPs were used to decorate silk microfibers and silk nanofibers, providing a general means to add entailed biofunctionalities to materials.

Molecularly Imprinted Silk Fibroin Nanoparticles

Alessandra Maria Bossi;
2021

Abstract

Nanosized biomimetics prepared by the strategy of molecular imprinting, that is, the stamping of recognition sites by means of a template-assisted synthesis, are demonstrating potential as plastic antibodies in medicine, proving effective for cell imaging and targeted therapies. Most molecularly imprinted nanoparticles (MIP-NPs) are currently made of soft matter, such as polyacrylamide and derivatives. Yet, MIP-NPs biocompatibility is crucial for their effective translation into clinical uses. Here, we propose the original idea to synthesize fully biocompatible molecularly imprinted nanoparticles starting from the natural polymer silk fibroin (MIP SF-NPs), which is nontoxic and highly biocompatible. The conditions to produce MIP SF-NPs of different sizes (dmean ∼ 50 nm; dmean ∼ 100 nm) were set using the response surface method. The stamping of a single, high affinity (KD = 57 × 10-9 M), and selective recognition site per silk fibroin nanoparticle was demonstrated, together with the confirmation of nontoxicity. Additionally, MIP SF-NPs were used to decorate silk microfibers and silk nanofibers, providing a general means to add entailed biofunctionalities to materials.
biomimetics
functional nanoparticles
molecularly imprinted polymers
natural biomaterials
silk fibroin
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
acsami.1c05405.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Dominio pubblico
Dimensione 6.51 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
6.51 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1051204
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact