Simple SummaryMantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) is a lymphoproliferative disorder which represents less than 10% of all non-Hodgkin Lymphomas. The typical course of MCL is characterized by several relapses ("remitting-relapsing" course), and since its identification it has been considered an incurable disease. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) has represented in the past years the only treatment which could ensure prolonged remissions, at least in younger patients. In our paper, we critically revised the available data on the use of allo-SCT in MCL. The aim of our review is to identify the subgroups of patients who could best benefit from this therapeutic strategy, the optimal timing for transplantation and the best ways to bridge patients to allo-SCT, in an era in which many novel agents have been developed.MCL is an uncommon lymphoproliferative disorder that has been regarded as incurable since its identification as a distinct entity. Allogeneic transplantation for two decades has represented the only option capable of ensuring prolonged remissions and possibly cure. Despite its efficacy, its application has been limited by feasibility limitations and substantial toxicity, particularly in elderly patients. Nevertheless, the experience accumulated over time has been wide though often scattered among retrospective and small prospective studies. In this review, we aimed at critically revise and discuss available evidence on allogeneic transplantation in MCL, trying to put available evidence into the 2020 perspective, characterized by unprecedented development of novel promising therapeutic agents and regimens.
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