BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recently, a small molecule (Q94) was reported to selectively block PAR1/Gaq interaction and signalling. Here, we describe the pharmacological properties of Q94 and two analogues that share its benzimidazole scaffold (Q109, Q89). Q109 presents a modest variation from Q94 in the substituent group at the 2-position, while Q89 has quite different groups at the 1- and 2-positions. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Using human microvascular endothelial cells, we examined intracellular Ca2+ mobilization and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate accumulation as well as isoprenaline- or forskolin-stimulated cAMP production in response to thrombin. KEY RESULTS Q89 (10 mu M) produced a leftward shift in the thrombin-mediated intracellular Ca2+ mobilization concentrationresponse curve while having no effect on the Emax. Both Q94 (10 mu M) and Q109 (10 mu M) reduced intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, leading to a decrease in Emax and an increase in EC50 values. Experiments utilizing receptor-specific activating peptides confirmed that Q94 and Q109 were selective for PAR1 as they did not alter the Ca2+ response mediated by a PAR2 activating peptide. Consistent with our Ca2+ results, micromolar concentrations of either Q94 or Q109 significantly reduced thrombin-induced inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate production. Neither Q94 nor Q109 diminished the inhibitory effects of thrombin on cAMP production, indicating they inhibit signalling selectively through the Gq pathway. Our results also suggest the 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazole derivatives act as allosteric agonists of PAR1. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS The Q94 and Q109 benzimidazole derivatives represent a novel scaffold for the development of new PAR1 inhibitors and provide a starting point to develop dual signalling pathway-selective positive/negative modulators of PAR1.

Modulation of PAR(1) signalling by benzimidazole compounds

Asteriti S;
2012

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recently, a small molecule (Q94) was reported to selectively block PAR1/Gaq interaction and signalling. Here, we describe the pharmacological properties of Q94 and two analogues that share its benzimidazole scaffold (Q109, Q89). Q109 presents a modest variation from Q94 in the substituent group at the 2-position, while Q89 has quite different groups at the 1- and 2-positions. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Using human microvascular endothelial cells, we examined intracellular Ca2+ mobilization and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate accumulation as well as isoprenaline- or forskolin-stimulated cAMP production in response to thrombin. KEY RESULTS Q89 (10 mu M) produced a leftward shift in the thrombin-mediated intracellular Ca2+ mobilization concentrationresponse curve while having no effect on the Emax. Both Q94 (10 mu M) and Q109 (10 mu M) reduced intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, leading to a decrease in Emax and an increase in EC50 values. Experiments utilizing receptor-specific activating peptides confirmed that Q94 and Q109 were selective for PAR1 as they did not alter the Ca2+ response mediated by a PAR2 activating peptide. Consistent with our Ca2+ results, micromolar concentrations of either Q94 or Q109 significantly reduced thrombin-induced inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate production. Neither Q94 nor Q109 diminished the inhibitory effects of thrombin on cAMP production, indicating they inhibit signalling selectively through the Gq pathway. Our results also suggest the 1,2-disubstituted benzimidazole derivatives act as allosteric agonists of PAR1. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS The Q94 and Q109 benzimidazole derivatives represent a novel scaffold for the development of new PAR1 inhibitors and provide a starting point to develop dual signalling pathway-selective positive/negative modulators of PAR1.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1049777
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