Aim Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a risk factor for metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), which is becoming the commonest cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. We estimated MAFLD prevalence among patients with T2D using the hepatic steatosis index (HSI) and validated it against liver ultrasound. We also examined whether glucose-lowering medications (GLM) beneficially affected HSI. Methods We collected data from 46 diabetes clinics (n = 281,381 T2D patients), extracted data to calculate HSI and validated it against ultrasound-detected hepatic steatosis. We then examined changes in HSI among patients with a follow-up visit within 1 year after initiating newer GLMs. Results MAFLD (defined by HSI > 36, i.e., a high probability of steatosis) was present in 76.3% of the 78,895 included patients, while only 2.7% had HSI < 30 (low probability of steatosis). After age- and sex-adjusting, higher HSI was associated with higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease (odds ratio 1.35; 95%CI 1.22-1.51) and macroangiopathy (odds ratio 1.18; 95%CI 1.07-1.30). Among 2,179 subjects in the validation cohort, the prevalence of MAFLD was 67.8% and was greater in those with high HSI. Performance of HSI for ultrasound-detected MAFLD was moderate (AUROC 0.70), yet steatosis prevalence was > threefold higher among subjects with HSI > 36 than among those with HSI < 30. Notably, HSI declined significantly similar to 6 months after initiation of dapagliflozin or incretin-based therapies, but not gliclazide. Conclusion About three quarters of patients with T2D have HSI values suggestive of MAFLD, a condition associated with macroangiopathy and nephropathy. Treatment with dapagliflozin or incretin therapies might improve MAFLD in T2D.

Prevalence of hepatic steatosis in patients with type 2 diabetes and response to glucose-lowering treatments. A multicenter retrospective study in Italian specialist care

Targher, G;
2021

Abstract

Aim Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a risk factor for metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), which is becoming the commonest cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. We estimated MAFLD prevalence among patients with T2D using the hepatic steatosis index (HSI) and validated it against liver ultrasound. We also examined whether glucose-lowering medications (GLM) beneficially affected HSI. Methods We collected data from 46 diabetes clinics (n = 281,381 T2D patients), extracted data to calculate HSI and validated it against ultrasound-detected hepatic steatosis. We then examined changes in HSI among patients with a follow-up visit within 1 year after initiating newer GLMs. Results MAFLD (defined by HSI > 36, i.e., a high probability of steatosis) was present in 76.3% of the 78,895 included patients, while only 2.7% had HSI < 30 (low probability of steatosis). After age- and sex-adjusting, higher HSI was associated with higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease (odds ratio 1.35; 95%CI 1.22-1.51) and macroangiopathy (odds ratio 1.18; 95%CI 1.07-1.30). Among 2,179 subjects in the validation cohort, the prevalence of MAFLD was 67.8% and was greater in those with high HSI. Performance of HSI for ultrasound-detected MAFLD was moderate (AUROC 0.70), yet steatosis prevalence was > threefold higher among subjects with HSI > 36 than among those with HSI < 30. Notably, HSI declined significantly similar to 6 months after initiation of dapagliflozin or incretin-based therapies, but not gliclazide. Conclusion About three quarters of patients with T2D have HSI values suggestive of MAFLD, a condition associated with macroangiopathy and nephropathy. Treatment with dapagliflozin or incretin therapies might improve MAFLD in T2D.
Biomarkers
DPP4
GLP-1RA
SGLT2
Ultrasonography
Validation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1047603
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