Endothelial dysfunction, evaluated by flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), predicts adverse cardiovascular events in patients with intermittent claudication (IC). IC is an example of repeated ischemia/reperfusion injury that may contribute to the progression of vascular disease by worsening endothelial function, a trigger for acute cardiovascular events. The predictive value of effort-induced endothelial dysfunction for cardiovascular events in patients with IC has not been studied previously. The objective of this study was to assess whether exercise-induced endothelial dysfunction is predictive of adverse cardiovascular outcome in IC. In 44 patients with IC, we measured brachial artery FMD by B-mode ultrasonography at rest and 10 minutes after a maximal treadmill exercise. Treadmill exercise halved the FMD (from 3.5 +/- 0.6% to 1.45 +/- 0.46%, p < 0.05). After a follow-up period of 85 (72-98) months, a total of 20 major cardiovascular events occurred. In a multivariate analysis, a post-exercise reduction of brachial FMD > 1.3% was predictive for cardiovascular events. Maximal exercise-induced endothelial dysfunction is predictive of cardiovascular events in patients with IC.

Walking-induced endothelial dysfunction predicts ischemic cardiovascular events in patients with intermittent claudication

Minuz, Pietro;
2021

Abstract

Endothelial dysfunction, evaluated by flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), predicts adverse cardiovascular events in patients with intermittent claudication (IC). IC is an example of repeated ischemia/reperfusion injury that may contribute to the progression of vascular disease by worsening endothelial function, a trigger for acute cardiovascular events. The predictive value of effort-induced endothelial dysfunction for cardiovascular events in patients with IC has not been studied previously. The objective of this study was to assess whether exercise-induced endothelial dysfunction is predictive of adverse cardiovascular outcome in IC. In 44 patients with IC, we measured brachial artery FMD by B-mode ultrasonography at rest and 10 minutes after a maximal treadmill exercise. Treadmill exercise halved the FMD (from 3.5 +/- 0.6% to 1.45 +/- 0.46%, p < 0.05). After a follow-up period of 85 (72-98) months, a total of 20 major cardiovascular events occurred. In a multivariate analysis, a post-exercise reduction of brachial FMD > 1.3% was predictive for cardiovascular events. Maximal exercise-induced endothelial dysfunction is predictive of cardiovascular events in patients with IC.
endothelial function
ischemia/reperfusion injury
nitric oxide/NO
peripheral artery disease (PAD)
soluble P-selectin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1047515
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