The autologous lipoaspirate processing allows to obtain a tissue product to be transplanted for regenerative purposes in multiple pathological sites, such as the knee joint affected by osteoarthritic disease. Recently, multiple protocols and devices have been designed for lipoaspirate processing. These protocols and devices do not use enzymatic digestion and respect the principles of the so-called "minimal manipulation in a closed system". In this study, we performed a systematic review of the literature to identify studies in which osteoarthritis was treated by minimally manipulated intra-articular SVF injection and assessment of therapeutic response was reported. All bias scores were analyzed based on the Coleman methodology score modified by Kon et al. [27] and a subsequent linear classification system of articles was proposed. We identified 12 clinical trials in which clinical evaluations were performed inconsistently using different scales of analysis. All studies reported a significant decrease in the patient's symptomatic discomfort, with improvement in joint function and reduction in pain. Most studies do not reach a high-quality level on the linear scale based on the Coleman-Kon scores. Although the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with regenerative methods is undoubtedly of interest, being aimed at healing the disease, this study highlights that the trials are numerically limited, and qualitatively not optimal according to the Coleman-Kon score. Reasonably, greater standardization of devices protocols will be desirable in the future. The high clinical potential offered by these methods could be optimized for all patients.

Lipoaspirate processing for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a review of clinical evidences

Lavagnolo, Umberto
;
Veronese, Sheila;Negri, Stefano;Magnan, Bruno;Sbarbati, Andrea
2021

Abstract

The autologous lipoaspirate processing allows to obtain a tissue product to be transplanted for regenerative purposes in multiple pathological sites, such as the knee joint affected by osteoarthritic disease. Recently, multiple protocols and devices have been designed for lipoaspirate processing. These protocols and devices do not use enzymatic digestion and respect the principles of the so-called "minimal manipulation in a closed system". In this study, we performed a systematic review of the literature to identify studies in which osteoarthritis was treated by minimally manipulated intra-articular SVF injection and assessment of therapeutic response was reported. All bias scores were analyzed based on the Coleman methodology score modified by Kon et al. [27] and a subsequent linear classification system of articles was proposed. We identified 12 clinical trials in which clinical evaluations were performed inconsistently using different scales of analysis. All studies reported a significant decrease in the patient's symptomatic discomfort, with improvement in joint function and reduction in pain. Most studies do not reach a high-quality level on the linear scale based on the Coleman-Kon scores. Although the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee with regenerative methods is undoubtedly of interest, being aimed at healing the disease, this study highlights that the trials are numerically limited, and qualitatively not optimal according to the Coleman-Kon score. Reasonably, greater standardization of devices protocols will be desirable in the future. The high clinical potential offered by these methods could be optimized for all patients.
Adipose tissue
Fat grafting
Mechanical devices
Minimal manipulation
Non-enzymatic treatment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1047303
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