New-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE) is rare condition, and sharing knowledge is vital in its management, based on strict collaboration between multiple specialists, continuous EEG (c-EEG) monitoring, and prompt therapy modification. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic challenged many of these established practices because of "social distancing" measures, making it necessary to work around physical restrictions. We report a case of a 10-year-old with NORSE admitted in a pediatric intensive-care unit and monitored with c-EEG and amplitude-integrated EEG. The monitoring interface was livestreamed using videoconference web-based platforms allowing remote viewing. Multiple daily web meetings took place between team members, where real-time therapy response was evaluated and confronted with medium-term trends in the epileptic activity, dictating further treatment and diagnostic steps. In addition to the known use of telemedicine in chronic conditions, we report how its use can be exploited to treat urgent conditions such as NORSE. By taking advantage of new tools and virtual environments, we were able to share treatment and diagnostic decisions and guarantee real-time therapy adjustments and a coherent course in treatment despite restrictions necessary for the COVID-19 pandemic. The constant specialist monitoring and the coherent and on-time communication of the patient's condition relieved the family stress, usually complained in these situations.

Remote Teamwork Management of NORSE During the COVID-19 Lockdown

Cossu, Alberto;Lo Barco, Tommaso;Darra, Francesca;Fontana, Elena;Fiorini, Elena;Biban, Paolo;Dalla Bernardina, Bernardo;Cantalupo, Gaetano
2021

Abstract

New-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE) is rare condition, and sharing knowledge is vital in its management, based on strict collaboration between multiple specialists, continuous EEG (c-EEG) monitoring, and prompt therapy modification. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic challenged many of these established practices because of "social distancing" measures, making it necessary to work around physical restrictions. We report a case of a 10-year-old with NORSE admitted in a pediatric intensive-care unit and monitored with c-EEG and amplitude-integrated EEG. The monitoring interface was livestreamed using videoconference web-based platforms allowing remote viewing. Multiple daily web meetings took place between team members, where real-time therapy response was evaluated and confronted with medium-term trends in the epileptic activity, dictating further treatment and diagnostic steps. In addition to the known use of telemedicine in chronic conditions, we report how its use can be exploited to treat urgent conditions such as NORSE. By taking advantage of new tools and virtual environments, we were able to share treatment and diagnostic decisions and guarantee real-time therapy adjustments and a coherent course in treatment despite restrictions necessary for the COVID-19 pandemic. The constant specialist monitoring and the coherent and on-time communication of the patient's condition relieved the family stress, usually complained in these situations.
NORSE; Covid-19
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1046653
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