Background: Local ablation of pancreatic cancer has been suggested as an option to manage locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) although no robust evidence has been published to date to support its application. The aim of this study is to compare overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients receiving both radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and conventional chemoradiotherapy (CHRT) with patients receiving CHRT only. Methods: This is a multicentre prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT). Patients with LAPC diagnosed by the Pancreas-Ablation-Team-Verona were randomly assigned to open RFA (Group A) or CHRT (Group B). Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: One hundred LAPC patients were enrolled from January 2014 to August 2016. 33% of patients in Group A did not receive the designated procedure because of intraoperative findings of liver (18.7%) or peritoneal metastases (43.8%), or technical contraindications (37.5%). We did not observe any statistically significant survival benefit from RFA compared to CHRT, neither in terms of OS (medians of 14.2 months and 18.1 months, respectively, p = 0.639) nor PFS (medians of 8 months and 6 months respectively, p = 0.570). Mortality was nil and RFA-related morbidity was 15.6%. In 13% of subjects, conversion to surgery occurred (2 after RFA and 11 after CHRT). Conclusions: This is the first RCT evaluating the impact of upfront RFA in the multimodal treatment of LAPC. Compared to CHRT, RFA alone did not provide any advantage in terms of OS or PFS. It could be considered as a therapeutic option for LAPC within a multimodal context and after neoadjuvant therapies.

Open radiofrequency ablation as upfront treatment for locally advanced pancreatic cancer: Requiem from a randomized controlled trial

Isabella Frigerio
;
Salvatore Paiella;D'Onofrio Mirko;Alessandro Giardino;Gabriella Lionetto;Giuseppe Malleo;Michele Milella;Roberto Salvia;Claudio Bassi
;
2021

Abstract

Background: Local ablation of pancreatic cancer has been suggested as an option to manage locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) although no robust evidence has been published to date to support its application. The aim of this study is to compare overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients receiving both radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and conventional chemoradiotherapy (CHRT) with patients receiving CHRT only. Methods: This is a multicentre prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT). Patients with LAPC diagnosed by the Pancreas-Ablation-Team-Verona were randomly assigned to open RFA (Group A) or CHRT (Group B). Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: One hundred LAPC patients were enrolled from January 2014 to August 2016. 33% of patients in Group A did not receive the designated procedure because of intraoperative findings of liver (18.7%) or peritoneal metastases (43.8%), or technical contraindications (37.5%). We did not observe any statistically significant survival benefit from RFA compared to CHRT, neither in terms of OS (medians of 14.2 months and 18.1 months, respectively, p = 0.639) nor PFS (medians of 8 months and 6 months respectively, p = 0.570). Mortality was nil and RFA-related morbidity was 15.6%. In 13% of subjects, conversion to surgery occurred (2 after RFA and 11 after CHRT). Conclusions: This is the first RCT evaluating the impact of upfront RFA in the multimodal treatment of LAPC. Compared to CHRT, RFA alone did not provide any advantage in terms of OS or PFS. It could be considered as a therapeutic option for LAPC within a multimodal context and after neoadjuvant therapies.
Ablative therapy; Advanced PDAC; Pancreatic cancer; RFA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1045646
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