Objective To evaluate the role of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with surgical stage I-II endometrioid endometrial can- cer (EC) with myometrial invasion (MI) >50%. Methods We identified patients with stage I-II endometrioid grade 2 and 3 EC with MI >50% and negative nodes after pelvic ± para-aortic lymphadenectomy at four institutions (US and Italy). The association between adjuvant chemotherapy and cause-specific survival (CSS) or progression-free survival (PFS) was assessed with Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for confounders using the inverse-probability of treat- ment weighting (IPTW). Results From 1984 to 2012, 329 patients were identified. Median follow-up among those alive was 7.0 (interquartile according to receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy range, 3.7–11.1) years. Five-year CSS was 86.1% (95%CI: 82.0–90.4%) and 5-year PFS was 82.2% (95%CI: 77.9– 86.8%). Stage II (vs stage IB) was significantly associated with poorer CSS and PFS; older age with poorer PFS. With IPTW-adjusted analysis, adjuvant chemotherapy appeared to improve CSS (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.34; 95% CI: 0.11–1.03; P=.06) and nonvaginal PFS (HR: 0.36; 95%CI: 0.12–1.08; P=.07) (figures 1 and 2). Eleven (84.6%) of 13 para-aortic recurrences were observed in 194 patients who had neither para-aortic lymphadenectomy nor adjuvant chemotherapy. Conversely, no para-aortic recurrences were observed in 64 patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusions Adjuvant chemotherapy for surgical stage I-II endometrioid grade 2 and 3 EC with MI >50% appeared to improve CSS and nonvaginal PFS, although not meeting the conventional level of statistical significance. Stage II patients appear to benefit most from adjuvant chemotherapy. Chemo- therapy ± para-aortic lymphadenectomy may help reduce para-aortic failures.

224 Adjuvant chemotherapy in surgical stage I or II endometrioid endometrial cancer with myometrial invasion > 50%: a multicenter retrospective study with long-term follow-up

S Garzon;
2020

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the role of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with surgical stage I-II endometrioid endometrial can- cer (EC) with myometrial invasion (MI) >50%. Methods We identified patients with stage I-II endometrioid grade 2 and 3 EC with MI >50% and negative nodes after pelvic ± para-aortic lymphadenectomy at four institutions (US and Italy). The association between adjuvant chemotherapy and cause-specific survival (CSS) or progression-free survival (PFS) was assessed with Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for confounders using the inverse-probability of treat- ment weighting (IPTW). Results From 1984 to 2012, 329 patients were identified. Median follow-up among those alive was 7.0 (interquartile according to receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy range, 3.7–11.1) years. Five-year CSS was 86.1% (95%CI: 82.0–90.4%) and 5-year PFS was 82.2% (95%CI: 77.9– 86.8%). Stage II (vs stage IB) was significantly associated with poorer CSS and PFS; older age with poorer PFS. With IPTW-adjusted analysis, adjuvant chemotherapy appeared to improve CSS (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.34; 95% CI: 0.11–1.03; P=.06) and nonvaginal PFS (HR: 0.36; 95%CI: 0.12–1.08; P=.07) (figures 1 and 2). Eleven (84.6%) of 13 para-aortic recurrences were observed in 194 patients who had neither para-aortic lymphadenectomy nor adjuvant chemotherapy. Conversely, no para-aortic recurrences were observed in 64 patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusions Adjuvant chemotherapy for surgical stage I-II endometrioid grade 2 and 3 EC with MI >50% appeared to improve CSS and nonvaginal PFS, although not meeting the conventional level of statistical significance. Stage II patients appear to benefit most from adjuvant chemotherapy. Chemo- therapy ± para-aortic lymphadenectomy may help reduce para-aortic failures.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1045309
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