Background: Molecular biology has recently added new insights into the comprehension of the physiopathology of the medullary sponge kidney disease (MSK), a rare kidney malformation featuring nephrocalcinosis and recurrent renal stones. Pathogenesis and metabolic alterations associated to this disorder have been only partially elucidated.Methods: Plasma and urine samples were collected from 15 MSK patients and 15 controls affected by idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis (ICN). Plasma metabolomic profile of 7 MSK and 8 ICN patients was performed by liquid chromatography combined with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS). Subsequently, we reinterrogated proteomic raw data previously obtained from urinary microvesicles of MSK and ICN focusing on proteins associated with sphingomyelin metabolism. Omics results were validated by ELISA in the entire patients' cohort.Results: Thirteen metabolites were able to discriminate MSK from ICN (7 increased and 6 decreased in MSK vs. ICN). Sphingomyelin reached the top level of discrimination between the two study groups (FC: -1.8, p < 0.001). Ectonucleotide pyrophophatase phosphodiesterase 6 (ENPP6) and osteopontin (SPP1) resulted the most significant deregulated urinary proteins in MSK vs. ICN (p < 0.001). ENPP6 resulted up-regulated also in plasma of MSK by ELISA.Conclusion: Our data revealed a specific high-throughput metabolomics signature of MSK and indicated a pivotal biological role of sphingomyelin in this disease.

Sphingomyelin and medullary sponge kidney disease: a biological link identified by omics approach

Granata, Simona;Deiana, Michela;Lombardi, Gianmarco;Verlato, Alberto;Elia, Rossella;Malerba, Giovanni;Gambaro, Giovanni;Zaza, Gianluigi
2021

Abstract

Background: Molecular biology has recently added new insights into the comprehension of the physiopathology of the medullary sponge kidney disease (MSK), a rare kidney malformation featuring nephrocalcinosis and recurrent renal stones. Pathogenesis and metabolic alterations associated to this disorder have been only partially elucidated.Methods: Plasma and urine samples were collected from 15 MSK patients and 15 controls affected by idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis (ICN). Plasma metabolomic profile of 7 MSK and 8 ICN patients was performed by liquid chromatography combined with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS). Subsequently, we reinterrogated proteomic raw data previously obtained from urinary microvesicles of MSK and ICN focusing on proteins associated with sphingomyelin metabolism. Omics results were validated by ELISA in the entire patients' cohort.Results: Thirteen metabolites were able to discriminate MSK from ICN (7 increased and 6 decreased in MSK vs. ICN). Sphingomyelin reached the top level of discrimination between the two study groups (FC: -1.8, p < 0.001). Ectonucleotide pyrophophatase phosphodiesterase 6 (ENPP6) and osteopontin (SPP1) resulted the most significant deregulated urinary proteins in MSK vs. ICN (p < 0.001). ENPP6 resulted up-regulated also in plasma of MSK by ELISA.Conclusion: Our data revealed a specific high-throughput metabolomics signature of MSK and indicated a pivotal biological role of sphingomyelin in this disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1044820
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