Background: Characterising the correlates of HIV persistence improves understanding of disease pathogenesis and guides the design of curative strategies. This study investigated factors associated with integrated HIV-1 DNA load during consistently suppressive first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART).Method: Total, integrated, and 2-long terminal repeats (LTR) circular HIV-1 DNA, residual plasma HIV-1 RNA, T-cell activation markers, and soluble CD14 (sCD14) were measured in peripheral blood of 50 patients that had received 1-14 years of efavirenz-based or nevirapine-based therapy.Results: Integrated HIV-1 DNA load (per 106 peripheral blood mononuclear cells) was median 1.9 log(10) copies (interquartile range 1.7-2.2) and showed a mean difference of 0.2 log(10) copies per 10 years of suppressive ART (95% confidence interval -0.2, 0.6; p = 0.28). It was positively correlated with total HIV-1 DNA load and frequency of CD8(+) HLA-DR/DP/DQ(+) cells, and was also higher in subjects with higher sCD14 levels, but showed no correlation with levels of 2-LTR circular HIV-1 DNA and residual plasma HIV-1 RNA, or the frequency of CD4(+) CD38(+) and CD8(+) CD38(+) cells. Adjusting for pre-ART viral load, duration of suppressive ART, CD4 cell counts, residual plasma HIV-1 RNA levels, and sCD14 levels, integrated HIV-1 DNA load was mean 0.5 log(10) copies higher for each 50% higher frequency of CD8(+) HLA-DR/DP/DQ(+) cells (95% confidence interval 0.2, 0.9; p= 0.01).Conclusions: The observed positive association between integrated HIV-1 DNA load and frequency of CD8(+) DR/DP/DQ(+) cells indicates that a close correlation between HIV persistence and immune activation continues during consistently suppressive therapy. The inducers of the distinct activation profile warrant further investigation. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
|Titolo:||During stably suppressive antiretroviral therapy integrated HIV-1 DNA load in peripheral blood is associated with the frequency of CD8 cells expressing HLA-DR/DP/DQ|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|