Perinatally HIV-infected children (PHIV), despite successful antiretroviral therapy, present suboptimal responses to vaccinations compared to healthy-controls (HC). Here we investigated phenotypic and transcriptional signatures of H1N1-specific B-cells (H1N1-Sp) in PHIV, differentially responding to trivalent-influenza-vaccine (TIV), and HC. Patients were categorized in responders (R) and non-responders (NR) according to hemagglutination-inhibition-assay at baseline and 21 days after TIV. No differences in H1N1-Sp frequencies were found between groups. H1N1-Sp transcriptional analysis revealed a distinct signature between PHIV and HC. NR presented higher PIK3C2B and NOD2 expression compared to R, confirmed by downregulation of PIK3C2B in resting-memory of R after H1N1 in-vitro stimulation. In conclusion this study confirms that qualitative rather than quantitative analyses are needed to characterize immune responses in PHIV. These results further suggest that higher PIK3C2B in H1N1-Sp of NR is associated with lower H1N1 immunogenicity and may be targeted by future modulating strategies to improve TIV responses in PHIV.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.