Purpose: To investigate the effects of a very short-term acclimation protocol (VSTAP) on performance, physiological and perceptual responses to exercise in the heat. Methods: 12 trained male cyclists (age 31.2 ± 7; weight 71.3 ± 7 kg, VO2max: 58.4 ± 3.7 mL/kg/min) randomly performed two Time to Exhaustion Tests (TTE) at 75% of normothermic peak power output (PPO), one in normothermia (N,18°C-50% RH) and one in the heat (H,35°C-50% RH), before and after a VSTAP intervention, consisting of 3 days-90 min exercise (10min at 30% of PPO+80 min at 50% of PPO) in H (≈4.5h of heat exposure). Performance time of TTEs and physiological and perceptual variables of both TTEs and training sessions (T1, T2 and T3) were evaluated. Results: Magnitude Based Inferences (MBI) revealed 92/6/1% and 62/27/11% chances of positive/trivial/negative effects of VSTAP of improving performance in H (+17%) and in N (+9%), respectively. Heart Rate (HR) decreased from T1 to T3 (p < 0.001) and T2 to T3 (p < 0.001), whereas Tympanic Temperature (TyT) decreased from T1 to T2 (p = 0.047) and from T1 to T3 (p = 0.007). Furthermore, despite the increased tolerance to target Power Output (PO) throughout training sessions, RPE decreased from T1 to T3 (p = 0.032). Conclusions: The VSTAP determined meaningful physiological (i.e. decreased HR and TyT) and perceptual (i.e. decreased RPE) adaptations to submaximal exercise. Furthermore, showing good chances to improve performance in the heat, it represents a valid acclimation strategy to be implemented when no longer acclimation period is possible. Finally, no cross-over effect of the VSTAP on performance in temperate conditions was detected.

Effects of three-exercise sessions in the heat on endurance cycling performance

Callovini, Alexa
;
Fornasiero, Alessandro;Savoldelli, Aldo;Stella, Federico;Pellegrini, Barbara;Schena, Federico;Bortolan, Lorenzo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the effects of a very short-term acclimation protocol (VSTAP) on performance, physiological and perceptual responses to exercise in the heat. Methods: 12 trained male cyclists (age 31.2 ± 7; weight 71.3 ± 7 kg, VO2max: 58.4 ± 3.7 mL/kg/min) randomly performed two Time to Exhaustion Tests (TTE) at 75% of normothermic peak power output (PPO), one in normothermia (N,18°C-50% RH) and one in the heat (H,35°C-50% RH), before and after a VSTAP intervention, consisting of 3 days-90 min exercise (10min at 30% of PPO+80 min at 50% of PPO) in H (≈4.5h of heat exposure). Performance time of TTEs and physiological and perceptual variables of both TTEs and training sessions (T1, T2 and T3) were evaluated. Results: Magnitude Based Inferences (MBI) revealed 92/6/1% and 62/27/11% chances of positive/trivial/negative effects of VSTAP of improving performance in H (+17%) and in N (+9%), respectively. Heart Rate (HR) decreased from T1 to T3 (p < 0.001) and T2 to T3 (p < 0.001), whereas Tympanic Temperature (TyT) decreased from T1 to T2 (p = 0.047) and from T1 to T3 (p = 0.007). Furthermore, despite the increased tolerance to target Power Output (PO) throughout training sessions, RPE decreased from T1 to T3 (p = 0.032). Conclusions: The VSTAP determined meaningful physiological (i.e. decreased HR and TyT) and perceptual (i.e. decreased RPE) adaptations to submaximal exercise. Furthermore, showing good chances to improve performance in the heat, it represents a valid acclimation strategy to be implemented when no longer acclimation period is possible. Finally, no cross-over effect of the VSTAP on performance in temperate conditions was detected.
Heart rate
Heat acclimation
Magnitude based inferences
Performance
Time to exhaustion
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1043766
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