Background: With aging and obesity lower limb torque deteriorates. Importantly, the ratio between knee flexor (KF) and extensor (KE) torque is an indicator of joint stability. Aims: We compared KF torque and KF/KE ratio in older subjects of both sexes with obesity (OB) or without (NOB) obesity. Methods: The maximal torque during KE and KF isokinetic contractions were evaluated at: 60, 90, 150, 180 and 210 deg/s in 89 elderly (68 ± 5 years) subjects with NOB (BMI < 30 kg/m2) and OB (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). Values were normalised for body weight (BW) and leg lean mass (i.e., muscle quality). Results: At all speeds men had higher absolute KF values (P < 0.001). When values were normalised for BW, sex differences remain in favour of men (P < 0.001) with lower values in both groups with OB than NOB (P < 0.001). Muscle quality and KF/KE ratio were lower in OB than NOB (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The KF torque and KF/KE ratio decline with aging and with OB. In all groups, the KF/KE ratio was below the joint stability threshold. Thus, exercise physiologists should include exercises designed to train both KE and KF in older subjects with OB.

Knee flexor and extensor torque ratio in elderly men and women with and without obesity: a cross-sectional study

Muollo, Valentina
;
Zignoli, Andrea;Ghiotto, Laura;Milanese, Chiara;Zamboni, Mauro;Schena, Federico;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: With aging and obesity lower limb torque deteriorates. Importantly, the ratio between knee flexor (KF) and extensor (KE) torque is an indicator of joint stability. Aims: We compared KF torque and KF/KE ratio in older subjects of both sexes with obesity (OB) or without (NOB) obesity. Methods: The maximal torque during KE and KF isokinetic contractions were evaluated at: 60, 90, 150, 180 and 210 deg/s in 89 elderly (68 ± 5 years) subjects with NOB (BMI < 30 kg/m2) and OB (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). Values were normalised for body weight (BW) and leg lean mass (i.e., muscle quality). Results: At all speeds men had higher absolute KF values (P < 0.001). When values were normalised for BW, sex differences remain in favour of men (P < 0.001) with lower values in both groups with OB than NOB (P < 0.001). Muscle quality and KF/KE ratio were lower in OB than NOB (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The KF torque and KF/KE ratio decline with aging and with OB. In all groups, the KF/KE ratio was below the joint stability threshold. Thus, exercise physiologists should include exercises designed to train both KE and KF in older subjects with OB.
aging
conventional ratio
knee flexors
muscle function
obesity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1043494
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