Background: With aging and obesity lower limb torque deteriorates. Importantly, the ratio between knee flexor (KF) and extensor (KE) torque is an indicator of joint stability. Aims: We compared KF torque and KF/KE ratio in older subjects of both sexes with obesity (OB) or without (NOB) obesity. Methods: The maximal torque during KE and KF isokinetic contractions were evaluated at: 60, 90, 150, 180 and 210 deg/s in 89 elderly (68 ± 5 years) subjects with NOB (BMI < 30 kg/m2) and OB (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). Values were normalised for body weight (BW) and leg lean mass (i.e., muscle quality). Results: At all speeds men had higher absolute KF values (P < 0.001). When values were normalised for BW, sex differences remain in favour of men (P < 0.001) with lower values in both groups with OB than NOB (P < 0.001). Muscle quality and KF/KE ratio were lower in OB than NOB (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The KF torque and KF/KE ratio decline with aging and with OB. In all groups, the KF/KE ratio was below the joint stability threshold. Thus, exercise physiologists should include exercises designed to train both KE and KF in older subjects with OB.
|Titolo:||Knee flexor and extensor torque ratio in elderly men and women with and without obesity: a cross-sectional study|
MUOLLO, VALENTINA (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|