PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of performing hypoxic exercise at the same heart rate (HR) or work rate (WR) as normoxic exercise on post-exercise autonomic and cardiovascular responses.METHODS: Thirteen men performed three interval-type exercise sessions (5*5-min; 1-min recovery): normoxic exercise at 80% of the WR at the first ventilatory threshold (N), hypoxic exercise (FiO2=14.2%) at the same WR as N (H-WR) and hypoxic exercise at the same HR as N (H-HR). Autonomic and cardiovascular assessments were conducted before and after exercise, both at rest and during active squat-stand manoeuvres (SS).RESULTS: Compared to N, H-WR elicited a higher HR response (83% vs 75%HRmax, p<0.001) and H-HR a reduced exercise WR (-21.1±9.3%, p<0.001). Cardiac parasympathetic indices were reduced 15min after exercise and recovered within 60min in N and H-HR, but not after H-WR (p<0.05). H-WR altered cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (cBRS) both at rest and during SS (specifically in the control of blood pressure fall during standing phases) in the first 60min after the exercise bout (p<0.05). Post-exercise hypotension (PEH) did not occur in H-HR (p>0.05) but lasted longer in H-WR than in N (p<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Moderate HR-matched hypoxic exercise mimicked post-exercise autonomic responses of normoxic exercise without resulting in significant PEH. This may relate to the reduced WR and the limited associated mechanical/metabolic strain. Conversely, WR-matched hypoxic exercise impacted upon post-exercise autonomic and cardiovascular responses, delaying cardiac autonomic recovery, temporarily decreasing cBRS and evoking prolonged PEH.

Post-exercise cardiac autonomic and cardiovascular responses to heart rate-matched and work rate-matched hypoxic exercise

Fornasiero, Alessandro
;
Zignoli, Andrea;Stella, Federico;Savoldelli, Aldo;Skafidas, Spyros;Schena, Federico;Pellegrini, Barbara;
2021-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of performing hypoxic exercise at the same heart rate (HR) or work rate (WR) as normoxic exercise on post-exercise autonomic and cardiovascular responses.METHODS: Thirteen men performed three interval-type exercise sessions (5*5-min; 1-min recovery): normoxic exercise at 80% of the WR at the first ventilatory threshold (N), hypoxic exercise (FiO2=14.2%) at the same WR as N (H-WR) and hypoxic exercise at the same HR as N (H-HR). Autonomic and cardiovascular assessments were conducted before and after exercise, both at rest and during active squat-stand manoeuvres (SS).RESULTS: Compared to N, H-WR elicited a higher HR response (83% vs 75%HRmax, p<0.001) and H-HR a reduced exercise WR (-21.1±9.3%, p<0.001). Cardiac parasympathetic indices were reduced 15min after exercise and recovered within 60min in N and H-HR, but not after H-WR (p<0.05). H-WR altered cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (cBRS) both at rest and during SS (specifically in the control of blood pressure fall during standing phases) in the first 60min after the exercise bout (p<0.05). Post-exercise hypotension (PEH) did not occur in H-HR (p>0.05) but lasted longer in H-WR than in N (p<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Moderate HR-matched hypoxic exercise mimicked post-exercise autonomic responses of normoxic exercise without resulting in significant PEH. This may relate to the reduced WR and the limited associated mechanical/metabolic strain. Conversely, WR-matched hypoxic exercise impacted upon post-exercise autonomic and cardiovascular responses, delaying cardiac autonomic recovery, temporarily decreasing cBRS and evoking prolonged PEH.
Autonomic nervous system
Cardiac baroreflex sensitivity
Heart rate variability
Hypoxia
Hypoxic exercise
Post-exercise hypotension
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Fornasiero2021_Article_Post-exerciseCardiacAutonomicA.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: CC BY 4.0 publisher version
Tipologia: Versione dell'editore
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.32 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.32 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1041499
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact