Objectives: Innovative Cell Population Data (CPD) have been used as early biomarkers for diagnosing sepsis in adults. We assessed the usefulness of CPD in pediatric patients with sepsis/septic shock, in terms of early recognition and outcome prediction. We revised 54 patients (0-15 y) admitted to our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) for sepsis/septic shock during a 4-year period. Twenty-eight patients were excluded, 26 septic patients were enrolled (G1). Forty children admitted for elective surgery served as controls (G2). Data on five selected CPD parameters, namely neutrophils fluorescence intensity (NE-SFL), monocytes cells complexity (MO-X), monocytes fluorescence intensity (MO-Y), monocytes complexity and width of dispersion of events measured (MO-WX), and monocytes cells size and width dispersion (MO-WZ), were obtained at time of PICU admission (t0) by a hematological analyzer (Sysmex XN 9000®). As the primary outcome we evaluated the relevance of CPD for diagnosing sepsis/septic shock on PICU admission. Furthermore, we investigated if CPD at t0 were correlated with C-reactive protein (CRP), patient survival, or complicated sepsis course. Results: On PICU admission (t0), NE-SFL, MO-WX, and MO-Y were higher in sepsis/septic shock patients compared to controls. NE-SFL values were correlated with CRP values in G1 patients (r = 0.83). None of the five CPD parameters was correlated with survival or complicated sepsis course. Conclusion: We found higher values of NE-SFL, MO-WX, and MO-Y in children with sepsis/septic shock upon PICU admission. These parameters may be a promising adjunct for early sepsis diagnosis in pediatric populations. Larger, prospective studies are needed to confirm our preliminary observations.

Cell Population Data (CPD) for Early Recognition of Sepsis and Septic Shock in Children: A Pilot Study

Biban, Paolo
;
Teggi, Martina;Gaffuri, Marcella;Santuz, Pierantonio;Onorato, Diletta;Carpenè, Giovanni;Lippi, Giuseppe
2021-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Innovative Cell Population Data (CPD) have been used as early biomarkers for diagnosing sepsis in adults. We assessed the usefulness of CPD in pediatric patients with sepsis/septic shock, in terms of early recognition and outcome prediction. We revised 54 patients (0-15 y) admitted to our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) for sepsis/septic shock during a 4-year period. Twenty-eight patients were excluded, 26 septic patients were enrolled (G1). Forty children admitted for elective surgery served as controls (G2). Data on five selected CPD parameters, namely neutrophils fluorescence intensity (NE-SFL), monocytes cells complexity (MO-X), monocytes fluorescence intensity (MO-Y), monocytes complexity and width of dispersion of events measured (MO-WX), and monocytes cells size and width dispersion (MO-WZ), were obtained at time of PICU admission (t0) by a hematological analyzer (Sysmex XN 9000®). As the primary outcome we evaluated the relevance of CPD for diagnosing sepsis/septic shock on PICU admission. Furthermore, we investigated if CPD at t0 were correlated with C-reactive protein (CRP), patient survival, or complicated sepsis course. Results: On PICU admission (t0), NE-SFL, MO-WX, and MO-Y were higher in sepsis/septic shock patients compared to controls. NE-SFL values were correlated with CRP values in G1 patients (r = 0.83). None of the five CPD parameters was correlated with survival or complicated sepsis course. Conclusion: We found higher values of NE-SFL, MO-WX, and MO-Y in children with sepsis/septic shock upon PICU admission. These parameters may be a promising adjunct for early sepsis diagnosis in pediatric populations. Larger, prospective studies are needed to confirm our preliminary observations.
cell population data, sepsis, septic shock, diagnosis, prognosis, child
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1041049
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