Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. The availability of new antidiabetic drugs (ADs) has led to complex treatment patterns and to changes in the patterns of specific drug utilization. The aim of this population-based study was to describe the pattern of antidiabetic drugs (ADs) use in Southern Italy in the years 2011-2017, in relation to the updated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) therapy guidelines. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on T2DM patients using data from the Palermo Local Health Unit (LHU) claims database and diabetologist registry. The first-line treatment was investigated and incident treatments were identified and characterized at baseline in terms of demographics, complications, comorbidities, concomitant drugs and clinical parameters. Persistence to AD treatment was also evaluated. During the study period, one-third of first ever ADs users started the treatment with ADs other than metformin, in contrast to guideline recommendations. Among 151,711 incident AD treatments, the male to female ratio was 1.0 and the median age was 66 (57-75) years. More than half (55.0%) of incident treatments discontinued the therapy during the first year of treatment. In Italy, general practitioners (GPs) can only prescribe first-generation ADs, while the prescription of more recently marketed ADs, such as GLP-1RA, DPP4i and SGLT2i, is restricted to diabetologists only, based on a therapeutic plan. The role of GPs in the management of T2DM in Italy should be re-evaluated.

Real World Use of Antidiabetic Drugs in the Years 2011-2017: A Population-Based Study from Southern Italy

Trifirò, Gianluca
2020-01-01

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. The availability of new antidiabetic drugs (ADs) has led to complex treatment patterns and to changes in the patterns of specific drug utilization. The aim of this population-based study was to describe the pattern of antidiabetic drugs (ADs) use in Southern Italy in the years 2011-2017, in relation to the updated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) therapy guidelines. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on T2DM patients using data from the Palermo Local Health Unit (LHU) claims database and diabetologist registry. The first-line treatment was investigated and incident treatments were identified and characterized at baseline in terms of demographics, complications, comorbidities, concomitant drugs and clinical parameters. Persistence to AD treatment was also evaluated. During the study period, one-third of first ever ADs users started the treatment with ADs other than metformin, in contrast to guideline recommendations. Among 151,711 incident AD treatments, the male to female ratio was 1.0 and the median age was 66 (57-75) years. More than half (55.0%) of incident treatments discontinued the therapy during the first year of treatment. In Italy, general practitioners (GPs) can only prescribe first-generation ADs, while the prescription of more recently marketed ADs, such as GLP-1RA, DPP4i and SGLT2i, is restricted to diabetologists only, based on a therapeutic plan. The role of GPs in the management of T2DM in Italy should be re-evaluated.
2020
Southern Italy
antidiabetic drugs
real world data
therapy guidelines
type 2 diabetes mellitus
Aged
Drug Utilization
Female
Humans
Italy
Male
Retrospective Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Hypoglycemic Agents
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1040056
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