Objective: To assess the prescribing pattern of antidiabetic drugs (AD) in a general practice of Southern Italy from 2009 to 2012, with focus on behaviour prescribing changes. Methods: This retrospective, drug utilization study was conducted using administrative databases of the Local Health Unit of Caserta (Southern Italy) including about 1 million citizens. The standardized prevalence of AD use was calculated within each study year. A sample cohort of 78,789 subjects with at least one prescription of AD was identified during the study period. Results: There was an overall increase of the proportion of the patients treated with monotherapy, which was significant for insulin monotherapy (from 11.2 to 14.6%, p < 0.001). The proportion of patients treated with metformin remained stable (from 68.3% to 67.8%, p = 0.076), while those receiving sulfonylurea dropped from 18.4% to 12.5% (p < 0.001); GLP-1 analogues and DPP-4 inhibitors showed the greatest increase (from 1.2% to 6.6%, p < 0.001). In the whole sample of 25,148 new AD users, metformin was the most commonly prescribed drug in monotherapy (41.9%), while insulin ranked second (13.3%). Conclusion: This study shows a rising trend of AD monotherapy, with sulfonylureas and incretins showing the more negative and positive trend, respectively.

Trends in the prescription of antidiabetic medications from 2009 to 2012 in a general practice of Southern Italy: A population-based study

TRIFIRO', Gianluca;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prescribing pattern of antidiabetic drugs (AD) in a general practice of Southern Italy from 2009 to 2012, with focus on behaviour prescribing changes. Methods: This retrospective, drug utilization study was conducted using administrative databases of the Local Health Unit of Caserta (Southern Italy) including about 1 million citizens. The standardized prevalence of AD use was calculated within each study year. A sample cohort of 78,789 subjects with at least one prescription of AD was identified during the study period. Results: There was an overall increase of the proportion of the patients treated with monotherapy, which was significant for insulin monotherapy (from 11.2 to 14.6%, p < 0.001). The proportion of patients treated with metformin remained stable (from 68.3% to 67.8%, p = 0.076), while those receiving sulfonylurea dropped from 18.4% to 12.5% (p < 0.001); GLP-1 analogues and DPP-4 inhibitors showed the greatest increase (from 1.2% to 6.6%, p < 0.001). In the whole sample of 25,148 new AD users, metformin was the most commonly prescribed drug in monotherapy (41.9%), while insulin ranked second (13.3%). Conclusion: This study shows a rising trend of AD monotherapy, with sulfonylureas and incretins showing the more negative and positive trend, respectively.
Diabetes mellitus
Medical therapy
Prescribing patterns
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1039474
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