AIMS: Assessment of microvascular function in patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) may be useful to determine treatment strategy. The possible role of pressure-bounded coronary flow reserve (pb-CFR) in this setting has not been determined.METHODS AND RESULTS: Thermodilution-pressure-wire assessment of the infarct-related artery was performed in 148 STEMI patients before stenting and/or at completion of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). The extent of the myocardial injury was assessed with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging at 48-hours and 6-months after STEMI. Post-PPCI pb-CFR was impaired (<2) and normal (>2) in 69.9% and 9.0% of the cases respectively. In the remaining 21.1% of the patients, pb-CFR was "indeterminate". In this cohort, pb-CFR correlated poorly with thermodilution-derived coronary flow reserve (k=0.03, p=0.39). The index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) was significantly different across the pb-CFR subgroups. Similarly, significant differences were observed in microvascular obstruction (MVO), myocardium area-at-risk and 48-hours infarct-size (IS). A trend towards lower 6-month IS was observed in patients with high (>2) post-PPCI pb-CFR. Nevertheless, pb-CFR was inferior to IMR in predicting MVO and the extent of IS.CONCLUSIONS: Pb-CFR can identify microvascular dysfunction in patients after STEMI and provided superior diagnostic performance compared to thermodilution-derived CFR in predicting MVO. However, IMR was superior to both pb-CFR and thermodilution-derived CFR and consequently, IMR was the most accurate in predicting all of the studied CMR endpoints of myocardial injury after PPCI.

Pressure-bounded coronary flow reserve to assess the extent of microvascular dysfunction in patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction

Scarsini, Roberto;Ribichini, Flavio L;
2021-01-01

Abstract

AIMS: Assessment of microvascular function in patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) may be useful to determine treatment strategy. The possible role of pressure-bounded coronary flow reserve (pb-CFR) in this setting has not been determined.METHODS AND RESULTS: Thermodilution-pressure-wire assessment of the infarct-related artery was performed in 148 STEMI patients before stenting and/or at completion of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). The extent of the myocardial injury was assessed with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging at 48-hours and 6-months after STEMI. Post-PPCI pb-CFR was impaired (<2) and normal (>2) in 69.9% and 9.0% of the cases respectively. In the remaining 21.1% of the patients, pb-CFR was "indeterminate". In this cohort, pb-CFR correlated poorly with thermodilution-derived coronary flow reserve (k=0.03, p=0.39). The index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) was significantly different across the pb-CFR subgroups. Similarly, significant differences were observed in microvascular obstruction (MVO), myocardium area-at-risk and 48-hours infarct-size (IS). A trend towards lower 6-month IS was observed in patients with high (>2) post-PPCI pb-CFR. Nevertheless, pb-CFR was inferior to IMR in predicting MVO and the extent of IS.CONCLUSIONS: Pb-CFR can identify microvascular dysfunction in patients after STEMI and provided superior diagnostic performance compared to thermodilution-derived CFR in predicting MVO. However, IMR was superior to both pb-CFR and thermodilution-derived CFR and consequently, IMR was the most accurate in predicting all of the studied CMR endpoints of myocardial injury after PPCI.
coronary flow reserve, microvascular dysfunction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1039207
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