INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures account for 4% of all fractures and treatment of those involving the Posterior Malleolus remains controversial. Clinical and radiological outcomes in a cohort of patients with Posterior Malleolus fractures conservatively treated were retrospectively evaluated; furthermore, a treatment algorithm was suggested.METHODS: Patients were divided according to Bartonicek classification. The clinical evaluation was made with OMAS/AOFAS scores; the radiological evaluation with Van Dijk classification for post-traumatic arthritis.RESULTS: Clinical outcome worsened with the severity of Bartonicek classification, but early degenerative changes were not correlated neither to the clinical outcome nor to the injury pattern. Clinical and radiological outcomes depended on the damage of the syndesmosis as articular step-offs and tibio-fibular notch involvement.DISCUSSION: We recommend conservative treatment for Bartonicek type I, type II and type III fractures, the latter when undisplaced and without tibial plafond depression. We suggest surgical treatment for type IV and displaced type III fractures.

Can treatment of posterior malleolus fractures with tibio-fibular instability be usefully addressed by Bartonicek classification?

T. Maluta
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
E. M. Samaila
Writing – Review & Editing
;
A. Amarossi
Data Curation
;
A. Dorigotti
Methodology
;
M. Ricci;E. Vecchini;B. Magnan
Writing – Review & Editing
2022-01-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures account for 4% of all fractures and treatment of those involving the Posterior Malleolus remains controversial. Clinical and radiological outcomes in a cohort of patients with Posterior Malleolus fractures conservatively treated were retrospectively evaluated; furthermore, a treatment algorithm was suggested.METHODS: Patients were divided according to Bartonicek classification. The clinical evaluation was made with OMAS/AOFAS scores; the radiological evaluation with Van Dijk classification for post-traumatic arthritis.RESULTS: Clinical outcome worsened with the severity of Bartonicek classification, but early degenerative changes were not correlated neither to the clinical outcome nor to the injury pattern. Clinical and radiological outcomes depended on the damage of the syndesmosis as articular step-offs and tibio-fibular notch involvement.DISCUSSION: We recommend conservative treatment for Bartonicek type I, type II and type III fractures, the latter when undisplaced and without tibial plafond depression. We suggest surgical treatment for type IV and displaced type III fractures.
Ankle fractures
Bartoníček classification
Conservative treatment
Posterior malleolus
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1038944
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