Introduction Patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis (HD) are at high risk of developing both iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). The administration of intravenous iron therefore represents the standard of care for the management of anemia in this patient setting. Methods A retrospective cohort of 38 HD patients in Italy was analyzed to assess the clinical and economic implications of switching from intravenous ferric gluconate (FG) to ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) on achievement of adequate hemoglobin (Hb) values and iron balance. The total observational period for each patient was 12 months, 6 months before and 6 months after switching to iron FCM. The pharmacoeconomic analysis considered the hospital perspective and the consumption of iron, blood transfusions and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), including healthcare personnel time. Results Switching from FG to FCM in dialysis adult patients with IDA allows a cost reduction per patient/month in the range euro14-46, considering the use of biosimilar ESA or originator ESA, respectively. The percentage of patients with Hb target values increased from 63% to 82%, considering the entire observation period. In addition, other clinical parameters (ferritin, transferrin saturation, erythropoietin resistance index) improved after switching from FG to FCM. Conclusion FCM in HD patients was shown to provide a favorable efficacy profile over FG, with a lower cost per patient, mainly driven by a consistent reduction of ESA consumption. Funding Vifor Pharma Italia Srl.

Economic Evaluation of Ferric Carboxymaltose for the Management of Hemodialysis Patients with Iron Deficiency Anemia in Italy

Ortalda, Vittorio;Biasi, Caterina;Gambaro, Giovanni
2019

Abstract

Introduction Patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis (HD) are at high risk of developing both iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). The administration of intravenous iron therefore represents the standard of care for the management of anemia in this patient setting. Methods A retrospective cohort of 38 HD patients in Italy was analyzed to assess the clinical and economic implications of switching from intravenous ferric gluconate (FG) to ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) on achievement of adequate hemoglobin (Hb) values and iron balance. The total observational period for each patient was 12 months, 6 months before and 6 months after switching to iron FCM. The pharmacoeconomic analysis considered the hospital perspective and the consumption of iron, blood transfusions and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), including healthcare personnel time. Results Switching from FG to FCM in dialysis adult patients with IDA allows a cost reduction per patient/month in the range euro14-46, considering the use of biosimilar ESA or originator ESA, respectively. The percentage of patients with Hb target values increased from 63% to 82%, considering the entire observation period. In addition, other clinical parameters (ferritin, transferrin saturation, erythropoietin resistance index) improved after switching from FG to FCM. Conclusion FCM in HD patients was shown to provide a favorable efficacy profile over FG, with a lower cost per patient, mainly driven by a consistent reduction of ESA consumption. Funding Vifor Pharma Italia Srl.
Budget
Cost-analysis
Ferric carboxymaltose
Healthcare
Hemodialysis
Nephrology
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Female
Ferric Compounds
Hematinics
Humans
Italy
Male
Maltose
Middle Aged
Renal Dialysis
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Retrospective Studies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1037363
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