The unpredictable course and uncertain impact of relapses make treatment strategies of anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies associated disorders (MOGAD) challenging. We analysed neurofilament light chain levels (NfL) in onset and follow-up sera of 18 patients with MOGAD to clarify the timing of axonal damage. In comparison with disease onset values (median 8.9 pg/mL, range 1.8-97), NfL levels remained stable or decreased in most follow-up measurements (n=52, median 6.7 pg/mL, range 0.2-207), including those measured on relapses. The predominant axonal damage occurs during onset, which could be the main driving factor of final disability, with subsequent relevant clinical and therapeutic implications.

NfL levels predominantly increase at disease onset in MOG-Abs-associated disorders

Mariotto Sara
;
Zanzoni Serena;Monaco Salvatore;Ferrari Sergio;Gajofatto Alberto
2021-01-01

Abstract

The unpredictable course and uncertain impact of relapses make treatment strategies of anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies associated disorders (MOGAD) challenging. We analysed neurofilament light chain levels (NfL) in onset and follow-up sera of 18 patients with MOGAD to clarify the timing of axonal damage. In comparison with disease onset values (median 8.9 pg/mL, range 1.8-97), NfL levels remained stable or decreased in most follow-up measurements (n=52, median 6.7 pg/mL, range 0.2-207), including those measured on relapses. The predominant axonal damage occurs during onset, which could be the main driving factor of final disability, with subsequent relevant clinical and therapeutic implications.
2021
MOG
MOGAD
Myelitis
Neurofilament light chain levels
NfL
Optic neuritis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1037061
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