Objective: To examine the role of genes identified through genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of Parkinson disease (PD) in the risk of isolated rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). Methods: We fully sequenced 25 genes previously identified in GWASs of PD, in a total of 1,039 iRBD patients and 1,852 controls. The role of rare heterozygous variants in these genes was examined using burden tests. The contribution of biallelic variants was further tested. To examine the potential impact of rare nonsynonymous BST1 variants on the protein structure, we performed in silico structural analysis. Finally, we examined the association of common variants using logistic regression adjusted for age and sex. Results: We found an association between rare heterozygous nonsynonymous variants in BST1 and iRBD (p=0.0003 at coverage >50X and 0.0004 at >30X), mainly driven by three nonsynonymous variants (p.V85M, p.I101V and p.V272M) found in 22 (1.2%) controls vs. two (0.2%) patients. All three variants seem to be loss-of-function variants with a potential effect on the protein structure and stability. Rare non-coding heterozygous variants in LAMP3 were also associated with iRBD (p=0.0006 at >30X). We found no association between rare heterozygous variants in the rest of genes and iRBD. Several carriers of biallelic variants were identified, yet there was no overrepresentation in iRBD. Conclusion: Our results suggest that rare coding variants in BST1 and rare non-coding variants in LAMP3 are associated with iRBD. Additional studies are required to replicate these results and examine whether loss-of-function of BST1 could be a therapeutic target.
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