Insulin dose has been found to associate to several cardiometabolic risk factors in type 1 diabetes. Changes over time in body weight and composition may partly explain this association. However, no data are available on the relationship between insulin dose and echocardiographic parameters of both systolic and diastolic function in type 1 diabetes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine systolic and diastolic echocardiographic parameters in relation to insulin dose in young patients with type 1 diabetes. The study was carried out on 93 consecutive outpatients with type 1 diabetes with a mean age of 32.8 ± 9.8 years. All patients were examined with a transthoracic echocardiography. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. The median value of daily insulin dose was used to categorized patients in two groups: high and low insulin dose group. Patients belonging to the high insulin dose group showed higher levels of cardiometabolic risk factors such as BMI, triglycerides and TG/HDL cholesterol ratio. Indexes of both systolic and diastolic function were similar in both groups except isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT), that was significantly prolonged in patients of the high insulin group (94.4 ± 15.0 vs 86.7 ± 13.1 ms, p = 0.008). In the multivariate regression analysis, insulin dose was positively and significantly associated with IVRT. In this study we report an association between insulin dose and impaired active diastolic myocardial relaxation. Future studies are needed to further explore this observation.

Echocardiographic parameters according to insulin dose in young patients affected by type 1 diabetes

Zoppini, Giacomo;Bergamini, Corinna;Trombetta, Maddalena;Mantovani, Alessandro;Targher, Giovanni;Toffalini, Anna;Bittante, Cristina;Bonora, Enzo
2020

Abstract

Insulin dose has been found to associate to several cardiometabolic risk factors in type 1 diabetes. Changes over time in body weight and composition may partly explain this association. However, no data are available on the relationship between insulin dose and echocardiographic parameters of both systolic and diastolic function in type 1 diabetes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine systolic and diastolic echocardiographic parameters in relation to insulin dose in young patients with type 1 diabetes. The study was carried out on 93 consecutive outpatients with type 1 diabetes with a mean age of 32.8 ± 9.8 years. All patients were examined with a transthoracic echocardiography. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. The median value of daily insulin dose was used to categorized patients in two groups: high and low insulin dose group. Patients belonging to the high insulin dose group showed higher levels of cardiometabolic risk factors such as BMI, triglycerides and TG/HDL cholesterol ratio. Indexes of both systolic and diastolic function were similar in both groups except isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT), that was significantly prolonged in patients of the high insulin group (94.4 ± 15.0 vs 86.7 ± 13.1 ms, p = 0.008). In the multivariate regression analysis, insulin dose was positively and significantly associated with IVRT. In this study we report an association between insulin dose and impaired active diastolic myocardial relaxation. Future studies are needed to further explore this observation.
Echocardiography; left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, insulin therapy; type 1 diabetes
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1034212
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact