Downy mildew of grapevine, caused by Plasmopara viticola (Berk. and Curt.) Berl. and de Toni, is one of the most devastating diseases of grapevine, severely affecting grape and wine production and quality worldwide. Infections are usually controlled by the intensive application of synthetic fungicides or by copper-based products in organic farming, rising problems for soil contamination and adverse impacts on environment and human health. While strict regulations attempt to minimize their harmful consequences, the situation calls for the development of alternative fungicidal strategies. This study presents the unprecedented case of a bioceramic, silicon nitride, with antimicrobial properties against P. viticola, but without adverse effects on human cells and environment, opening the way to the possible extension of silicon nitride applications in agriculture. Raman spectroscopic assessments of treated sporangia in conjunction with microscopic observations mechanistically showed that the nitrogen-chemistry of the bioceramic surface affects pathogen's biochemical components and cell viability, thus presenting a high potential for host protection from P. viticola infections.

Activity and Mechanism of Action of the Bioceramic Silicon Nitride as an Environmentally Friendly Alternative for the Control of the Grapevine Downy Mildew Pathogen Plasmopara viticola

Vandelle, Elodie;Giarola, Marco;Polverari, Annalisa
2020-01-01

Abstract

Downy mildew of grapevine, caused by Plasmopara viticola (Berk. and Curt.) Berl. and de Toni, is one of the most devastating diseases of grapevine, severely affecting grape and wine production and quality worldwide. Infections are usually controlled by the intensive application of synthetic fungicides or by copper-based products in organic farming, rising problems for soil contamination and adverse impacts on environment and human health. While strict regulations attempt to minimize their harmful consequences, the situation calls for the development of alternative fungicidal strategies. This study presents the unprecedented case of a bioceramic, silicon nitride, with antimicrobial properties against P. viticola, but without adverse effects on human cells and environment, opening the way to the possible extension of silicon nitride applications in agriculture. Raman spectroscopic assessments of treated sporangia in conjunction with microscopic observations mechanistically showed that the nitrogen-chemistry of the bioceramic surface affects pathogen's biochemical components and cell viability, thus presenting a high potential for host protection from P. viticola infections.
2020
Plasmopara viticola
bioactive
environmentally friendly
grapevine
silicon nitride
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1034125
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