Simple Summary Considering the pivotal role of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in AML development and persistence, the current study addresses in AML, the prognostic value of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling molecules and the anti-leukemic value of Wnt/beta-catenin inhibition. In silico analysis of RNAseq data from AML patients and flow cytometric analysis of primary AML samples revealed that higher levels of Wnt/beta-catenin pathway is a poor prognostic marker. Next, we found that pharmacological interference, through small molecule inhibitors of Wnt and/or GSK-3 signaling reduces AML cell survival by sensitizing the leukemia cells to chemotherapeutic agents both in vitro and in vivo. Overall, our findings suggested that Wnt-inhibitory therapy could overcome the prognostic significance of patient risk stratification, standing as a therapeutic response for all subgroups of AML. Wnt/beta-catenin signaling has been reported in Acute Myeloid leukemia, but little is known about its significance as a prognostic biomarker and drug target. In this study, we first evaluated the correlation between expression levels of Wnt molecules and clinical outcome. Then, we studied-in vitro and in vivo-the anti-leukemic value of combinatorial treatment between Wnt inhibitors and classic anti-leukemia drugs. Higher levels of beta-catenin, Ser675-phospho-beta-catenin and GSK-3 alpha (total and Ser 9) were found in AML cells from intermediate or poor risk patients; nevertheless, patients presenting high activity of Wnt/beta-catenin displayed shorter progression-free survival (PFS) according to univariate analysis. In vitro, many pharmacological inhibitors of Wnt signalling, i.e., LRP6 (Niclosamide), GSK-3 (LiCl, AR-A014418), and TCF/LEF (PNU-74654) but not Porcupine (IWP-2), significantly reduced proliferation and improved the drug sensitivity of AML cells cultured alone or in the presence of bone marrow stromal cells. In vivo, PNU-74654, Niclosamide and LiCl administration significantly reduced the bone marrow leukemic burden acting synergistically with Ara-C, thus improving mouse survival. Overall, our study demonstrates the antileukemic role of Wnt/beta-catenin inhibition that may represent a potential new therapeutics strategy in AML.
|Titolo:||Small Molecule Inhibitors of Microenvironmental Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Enhance the Chemosensitivity of Acute Myeloid Leukemia|
KRAMPERA, Mauro (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|