Quantitative RT-PCR is the most accurate technique for the study of gene expression profiles, however, to ensure the accuracy of qPCR results, suitable reference genes are necessary for data normalization. Hormones influence the development and function of skin cells, regulating the expression of genes and miRNAs. Nevertheless, the stability of reference genes after sex hormone treatment has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we evaluated the expression of a set of candidate mRNAs and microRNsA (miRNA) as reference genes in keratinocytes (HaCaT cells), primary human fibroblasts and a melanoma cell line (LM-36 cells) under testosterone or 17β-estradiol treatment. Two algorithms, namely geNorm, Best-Keeper, and the comparative ΔCt method were used to evaluate the expression stability of the candidate reference genes. The comprehensive ranking showed that TBP and miR-191-5p are the most stable expressed genes across all cultured cells under hormone treatment. Furthermore, we observed that GAPDH, HPRT1 and U6 snRNA expression may be altered by hormone exposure, thus, these genes are not recommended as reference genes. In conclusion, the present study provides, to the best of our knowledge, the first evaluation of expressed mRNA(s) and miRNA(s) as reference genes in three different types of skin cells under the stimulation of sex hormones.

Identification of suitable mRNAs and microRNAs as reference genes for expression analyses in skin cells under sex hormone exposure

Fochi, S.;Orlandi, E.;Ceccuzzi, L.;Turco, A.;Romanelli, M. G.
;
Gomez-Lira, M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Quantitative RT-PCR is the most accurate technique for the study of gene expression profiles, however, to ensure the accuracy of qPCR results, suitable reference genes are necessary for data normalization. Hormones influence the development and function of skin cells, regulating the expression of genes and miRNAs. Nevertheless, the stability of reference genes after sex hormone treatment has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we evaluated the expression of a set of candidate mRNAs and microRNsA (miRNA) as reference genes in keratinocytes (HaCaT cells), primary human fibroblasts and a melanoma cell line (LM-36 cells) under testosterone or 17β-estradiol treatment. Two algorithms, namely geNorm, Best-Keeper, and the comparative ΔCt method were used to evaluate the expression stability of the candidate reference genes. The comprehensive ranking showed that TBP and miR-191-5p are the most stable expressed genes across all cultured cells under hormone treatment. Furthermore, we observed that GAPDH, HPRT1 and U6 snRNA expression may be altered by hormone exposure, thus, these genes are not recommended as reference genes. In conclusion, the present study provides, to the best of our knowledge, the first evaluation of expressed mRNA(s) and miRNA(s) as reference genes in three different types of skin cells under the stimulation of sex hormones.
reference genes
fibroblasts
keratinocytes
melanoma cells
miRNA
sex hormones
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1032273
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