Background: Pancreatic cysts <15 mm without worrisome features have practically no risk of malignancy at the time of diagnosis but this can change over time. Optimal duration of follow-up is a matter of debate. We evaluated predictors of malignancy and attempted to identify a time to safely discontinue surveillance.Methods: Bi-centric study utilizing prospectively collected databases of patients with pancreatic cysts measuring <15 mm and without worrisome features who underwent surveillance at the Massachusetts General Hospital (1988-2017) and at the University of Verona Hospital Trust (2000-2016). The risk of malignant transformation was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and parametric survival models, and predictors of malignancy were evaluated using Cox regression.Results: 806 patients were identified. Median follow-up was 58 months (6-347). Over time, 58 (7.2%) cysts were resected and of those, 11 had high grade dysplasia (HGD) or invasive cancer. Three additional patients had unresectable cancer for a total rate of malignancy of 1.7%. Predictors of development of malignancy included an increase in size >= 2.5 mm/year (HR = 29.54, 95% CL 9.39-92.91, P < 0.001) and the development of worrisome features (HR = 9.17, 95% CL 2.99-28.10, P = 0.001). Comparison of parametric survival models suggested that the risk of malignancy decreased after three years of surveillance and was lower than 0.2% after five years.Conclusions: Pancreatic cysts <15 mm at the time of diagnosis have a very low risk of malignant transformation. Our findings indicate the risk decreases over time. Size increase of >= 2.5 mm/year is the strongest predictor of malignancy. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of IAP and EPC.

Risk of malignancy in small pancreatic cysts decreases over time

Ciprani, D;Marchegiani, G;Andrianello, S;Bassi, C;Salvia, R;
2020

Abstract

Background: Pancreatic cysts <15 mm without worrisome features have practically no risk of malignancy at the time of diagnosis but this can change over time. Optimal duration of follow-up is a matter of debate. We evaluated predictors of malignancy and attempted to identify a time to safely discontinue surveillance.Methods: Bi-centric study utilizing prospectively collected databases of patients with pancreatic cysts measuring <15 mm and without worrisome features who underwent surveillance at the Massachusetts General Hospital (1988-2017) and at the University of Verona Hospital Trust (2000-2016). The risk of malignant transformation was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and parametric survival models, and predictors of malignancy were evaluated using Cox regression.Results: 806 patients were identified. Median follow-up was 58 months (6-347). Over time, 58 (7.2%) cysts were resected and of those, 11 had high grade dysplasia (HGD) or invasive cancer. Three additional patients had unresectable cancer for a total rate of malignancy of 1.7%. Predictors of development of malignancy included an increase in size >= 2.5 mm/year (HR = 29.54, 95% CL 9.39-92.91, P < 0.001) and the development of worrisome features (HR = 9.17, 95% CL 2.99-28.10, P = 0.001). Comparison of parametric survival models suggested that the risk of malignancy decreased after three years of surveillance and was lower than 0.2% after five years.Conclusions: Pancreatic cysts <15 mm at the time of diagnosis have a very low risk of malignant transformation. Our findings indicate the risk decreases over time. Size increase of >= 2.5 mm/year is the strongest predictor of malignancy. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of IAP and EPC.
BD-IPMN
Surveillance
Malignancy
Predictors of malignancy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1031965
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