Background: The risk of recurrence after curative surgery for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors is reported to be between 10% and 30%. Among the available locoregional and systemic treatments, there are no specific recommendations regarding the best option for treating recurrent disease. The aims of this study were to evaluate the pattern of recurrence after surgery performed with curative intent for nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and to analyze the impact of treatment on disease progression.Methods: All patients submitted to curative surgery for sporadic, well-differentiated, nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors at 2 Italian centers between 2001 and 2018, with evidence of disease recurrence during follow-up, were included (n = 46).Results: The most frequent type of recurrence was distant metastases (n = 38, 83%), located in the liver in 100% of cases, whereas 8 patients (17%) had an isolated local recurrence. Therapy for first disease recurrence included both locoregional (n = 14) and systemic treatments (n = 32). A second disease recurrence/progression occurred in 28 patients (61%). Patients who underwent systemic treatment after the first disease recurrence had better progression-free survival (1-year progression-free survival 78%) compared with those submitted to a locoregional procedure (1-year progression-free survival 50%; P = .007). Independent predictors of shortened progression-free survival after the first disease recurrence were the type of treatment (locoregional, hazard ratio 4.452, P = .001), the presence of necrosis (hazard ratio 2.732, P = .022) and age (>60 year, hazard ratio 2.494, P = .040).Conclusion: Upfront locoregional treatment of the first recurrence of nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors after curative surgery should be avoided in favor of systemic therapy. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Pattern of disease recurrence and treatment after surgery for nonfunctioning well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

Partelli, S;Landoni, L;Nessi, C;Crippa, S;Cingarlini, S;Bassi, C;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: The risk of recurrence after curative surgery for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors is reported to be between 10% and 30%. Among the available locoregional and systemic treatments, there are no specific recommendations regarding the best option for treating recurrent disease. The aims of this study were to evaluate the pattern of recurrence after surgery performed with curative intent for nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and to analyze the impact of treatment on disease progression.Methods: All patients submitted to curative surgery for sporadic, well-differentiated, nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors at 2 Italian centers between 2001 and 2018, with evidence of disease recurrence during follow-up, were included (n = 46).Results: The most frequent type of recurrence was distant metastases (n = 38, 83%), located in the liver in 100% of cases, whereas 8 patients (17%) had an isolated local recurrence. Therapy for first disease recurrence included both locoregional (n = 14) and systemic treatments (n = 32). A second disease recurrence/progression occurred in 28 patients (61%). Patients who underwent systemic treatment after the first disease recurrence had better progression-free survival (1-year progression-free survival 78%) compared with those submitted to a locoregional procedure (1-year progression-free survival 50%; P = .007). Independent predictors of shortened progression-free survival after the first disease recurrence were the type of treatment (locoregional, hazard ratio 4.452, P = .001), the presence of necrosis (hazard ratio 2.732, P = .022) and age (>60 year, hazard ratio 2.494, P = .040).Conclusion: Upfront locoregional treatment of the first recurrence of nonfunctioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors after curative surgery should be avoided in favor of systemic therapy. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Adult
Aged
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Retrospective Studies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1031962
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