Background: Currently, cardiovascular measurements in children affected with type 1 narcolepsy (NT1) have never been investigated, and neither have their modulation by the administration of sodium oxybate (SO).Methods: Twelve drug-naive NT1 children (four males, eight females) with a mean age of 11 +/- 3.16 years underwent a nocturnal polysomnography, at baseline and during the first night of SO administration. Data were contrasted with those recorded in 23 age-matched healthy controls. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis was performed by analyzing the electrocardiogram signal for automatic detection of R waves with a computer program calculating a series of standard time-domain measures and obtaining spectral parameters, by means of a Fast-Fourier Transform.Results: In sleep stages N2 and N3, NT1 children showed increased power in the low-frequency (LF) and very-LF (VLF) ranges, when compared to controls. In addition, HRV (as measured by time domain parameters) during all sleep stages tended to be slightly higher in patients when compared to controls. Treatment with SO did not change significantly any parameter, but an overall trend to mildly decreased HRV that reached a significant value only during R sleep.Conclusions: HRV during all sleep stages tended to be slightly higher in young patients when compared to controls, confirming the presence of a slight sympathovagal system imbalance even in NT1 children. SO tends to decrease these values especially during REM sleep and in that regard, further studies supporting these preliminary findings and considering the long-term effects of SO on heart rate parameters are warranted. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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