In an edge-coloring (proper) of a cubic graph, an edge is poor or rich, if the set of colors assigned to the edge and the four edges adjacent it, has exactly three or exactly five distinct colors, respectively. An edge is normal in an edge-coloring if it is rich or poor in this coloring. A normal k-edge-coloring of a cubic graph is an edge-coloring with k colors such that each edge of the graph is normal. We denote by chi(N)'(G) the smallest k, for which G admits a normal k-edge-coloring. Normal edge-colorings were introduced by Jaeger in order to study his well-known Petersen Coloring Conjecture. It is known that proving chi(N)'(G) &lt;= 5 for every bridgeless cubic graph is equivalent to proving Petersen Coloring Conjecture. Moreover, Jaeger was able to show that it implies classical conjectures like Cycle Double Cover Conjecture and Berge-Fulkerson Conjecture. Recently, two of the authors were able to show that any simple cubic graph admits a normal 7-edge-coloring, and this result is best possible. In the present paper, we show that any claw-free bridgeless cubic graph, permutation snark, tree-like snark admits a normal 6-edge-coloring. Finally, we show that any bridgeless cubic graph G admits a 6-edge-coloring such that at least 7/9 . vertical bar E vertical bar edges of G are normal. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

### Normal 6-edge-colorings of some bridgeless cubic graphs

#### Abstract

In an edge-coloring (proper) of a cubic graph, an edge is poor or rich, if the set of colors assigned to the edge and the four edges adjacent it, has exactly three or exactly five distinct colors, respectively. An edge is normal in an edge-coloring if it is rich or poor in this coloring. A normal k-edge-coloring of a cubic graph is an edge-coloring with k colors such that each edge of the graph is normal. We denote by chi(N)'(G) the smallest k, for which G admits a normal k-edge-coloring. Normal edge-colorings were introduced by Jaeger in order to study his well-known Petersen Coloring Conjecture. It is known that proving chi(N)'(G) <= 5 for every bridgeless cubic graph is equivalent to proving Petersen Coloring Conjecture. Moreover, Jaeger was able to show that it implies classical conjectures like Cycle Double Cover Conjecture and Berge-Fulkerson Conjecture. Recently, two of the authors were able to show that any simple cubic graph admits a normal 7-edge-coloring, and this result is best possible. In the present paper, we show that any claw-free bridgeless cubic graph, permutation snark, tree-like snark admits a normal 6-edge-coloring. Finally, we show that any bridgeless cubic graph G admits a 6-edge-coloring such that at least 7/9 . vertical bar E vertical bar edges of G are normal. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
##### Scheda breve Scheda completa Scheda completa (DC)
2020
Cubic graph
Petersen coloring conjecture
Normal edge-coloring
Class of snarks
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1030922`
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