There is increasing evidence that minimally invasive techniques associated with Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols reduce surgery-related stress and promote faster recovery after major colorectal surgery. As a single tertiary referral center for colorectal surgery, our aim was to analyze the effects of our ERAS protocol on a heterogeneous population undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery.Prospectively collected data from 283 patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection at the Division of General and Hepatobiliary Surgery, University of Verona Hospital Trust, between March 2014 and March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients' adherence to pre-, intra-, and postoperative ERAS protocol items together with surgical short-term outcomes such as morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay, and readmission rate was considered.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona (CRINF-1034 CESC).During the study period, 200 patients met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the ERAS protocol. In this series, 34% of patients were aged 70 years or older. Rectal resections represented 26% of all cases, with stoma formation performed in 14.5% of patients. Despite such procedural heterogeneity, good short-term results were obtained: by postoperative day (POD) 2, 58.5% of patients had full return of bowel function, while 63.5% and 88% achieved regular soft diet intake and autonomous walking, respectively. Median (range) length of hospital stay was 5.5 days (2-40) with 71% of patients being discharged by POD 6. No postoperative mortality was recorded, and the rate of major complications was 3.5%. During the study period, 6 patients required redo surgery (3%) and 5 patients required rehospitalization within 30 days (2.5%).This study analyzing the results of the fast-track program in our first 200 cases confirms the feasibility and safety of ERAS protocol application within a heterogeneous population undergoing laparoscopic colonic and rectal resection for benign and malignant diseases.

Laparoscopic colorectal surgery and Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) program: Experience with 200 cases from a single Italian center

Pedrazzani, Corrado
;
Conti, Cristian;Mantovani, Guido;Turri, Giulia;Lazzarini, Enrico;Menestrina, Nicola;Ruzzenente, Andrea;Guglielmi, Alfredo
2018-01-01

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that minimally invasive techniques associated with Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols reduce surgery-related stress and promote faster recovery after major colorectal surgery. As a single tertiary referral center for colorectal surgery, our aim was to analyze the effects of our ERAS protocol on a heterogeneous population undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery.Prospectively collected data from 283 patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection at the Division of General and Hepatobiliary Surgery, University of Verona Hospital Trust, between March 2014 and March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients' adherence to pre-, intra-, and postoperative ERAS protocol items together with surgical short-term outcomes such as morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay, and readmission rate was considered.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata di Verona (CRINF-1034 CESC).During the study period, 200 patients met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the ERAS protocol. In this series, 34% of patients were aged 70 years or older. Rectal resections represented 26% of all cases, with stoma formation performed in 14.5% of patients. Despite such procedural heterogeneity, good short-term results were obtained: by postoperative day (POD) 2, 58.5% of patients had full return of bowel function, while 63.5% and 88% achieved regular soft diet intake and autonomous walking, respectively. Median (range) length of hospital stay was 5.5 days (2-40) with 71% of patients being discharged by POD 6. No postoperative mortality was recorded, and the rate of major complications was 3.5%. During the study period, 6 patients required redo surgery (3%) and 5 patients required rehospitalization within 30 days (2.5%).This study analyzing the results of the fast-track program in our first 200 cases confirms the feasibility and safety of ERAS protocol application within a heterogeneous population undergoing laparoscopic colonic and rectal resection for benign and malignant diseases.
2018
colorectal surgery
ERAS protocol
laparoscopic surgery
minimally invasive surgery
rectal cancer
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Colon
Colonoscopy
Female
Humans
Italy
Laparoscopy
Length of Stay
Male
Middle Aged
Postoperative Care
Postoperative Period
Prospective Studies
Recovery of Function
Rectum
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Program Evaluation
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1030052
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact