Aim: The purpose of this prospective observational study was to analyze the role of Mib-1 immunostaining as a proliferation index in breast cancer. Correlations between Mib-1 expression and clinico-pathological characteristics as well as its prognostic value have been studied in a series of 432 node negative breast cancers.Methods: Mib-1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Turner sections from highly cellular invasive areas of cancer were stained by monoclonal antibody Mib-1 (Dako) and cells whose nuclei stained positive were counted in 10 randomly chosen HPFs and expressed as percentages of all epithelial cells. A minimum of 400 cells were counted. Correlation between Mib-1 staining and clinicopathological factors was investigated by means of univariate and multivariate analyses. The prognostic impact on actuarial disease free (DFS) and overall survival (OS) was evaluated by univariate analysis using the log-rank test and by multivariate analysis using Cox regression model.Results: Tumors were considered as positive for Mib-1 expression when more than 15% of cells counted were stained. Mib-1 positivity was found in 190/432 cases and resulted in being significantly related to tumor grade, tumor size and absence of estrogen receptors at multivariate analysis.With a median follow-up of 66 months, Mib-1 positivity resulted in being the only independent predictor of OS (RR 2.92), and an independent predictor of DFS (RR 2.01) together with absence of estrogen receptors (RR 2.15). Conclusions: Mib-1 index of proliferative activity correlates well to other established prognostic factors of breast cancer. Mib-1 index may improve the tailoring of adjuvant therapy in early breast cancer, and our experience adds evidence to its effectiveness as prognostic factor. Efforts to reach uniformity in the methodology and in the scoring system should be done to warrant a standardized procedure and make Mib-1 determination definitively reliable in the current clinical practice. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Prognostic relevance of proliferative activity evaluated by Mib-1 immunostaining in node negative breast cancer

Pedrazzani, C;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this prospective observational study was to analyze the role of Mib-1 immunostaining as a proliferation index in breast cancer. Correlations between Mib-1 expression and clinico-pathological characteristics as well as its prognostic value have been studied in a series of 432 node negative breast cancers.Methods: Mib-1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Turner sections from highly cellular invasive areas of cancer were stained by monoclonal antibody Mib-1 (Dako) and cells whose nuclei stained positive were counted in 10 randomly chosen HPFs and expressed as percentages of all epithelial cells. A minimum of 400 cells were counted. Correlation between Mib-1 staining and clinicopathological factors was investigated by means of univariate and multivariate analyses. The prognostic impact on actuarial disease free (DFS) and overall survival (OS) was evaluated by univariate analysis using the log-rank test and by multivariate analysis using Cox regression model.Results: Tumors were considered as positive for Mib-1 expression when more than 15% of cells counted were stained. Mib-1 positivity was found in 190/432 cases and resulted in being significantly related to tumor grade, tumor size and absence of estrogen receptors at multivariate analysis.With a median follow-up of 66 months, Mib-1 positivity resulted in being the only independent predictor of OS (RR 2.92), and an independent predictor of DFS (RR 2.01) together with absence of estrogen receptors (RR 2.15). Conclusions: Mib-1 index of proliferative activity correlates well to other established prognostic factors of breast cancer. Mib-1 index may improve the tailoring of adjuvant therapy in early breast cancer, and our experience adds evidence to its effectiveness as prognostic factor. Efforts to reach uniformity in the methodology and in the scoring system should be done to warrant a standardized procedure and make Mib-1 determination definitively reliable in the current clinical practice. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Breast cancer
Prognosis
Proliferation index
Mib-1
Multivariate analysis
Prospective study
Adult
Antibodies, Antinuclear
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Biomarkers, Tumor
Breast Neoplasms
Cell Proliferation
Disease Progression
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Immunohistochemistry
Ki-67 Antigen
Lymphatic Metastasis
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Invasiveness
Neoplasm Staging
Prognosis
Proportional Hazards Models
Prospective Studies
Time Factors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1029777
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