Grapevine is a well-known host plant of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii, but its susceptibility to pest oviposition and development greatly depends on the cultivar. To address environmental sustainability during viticultural zoning planning, new vineyard plantation and Integrated Pest Management programmes, it is essential to take pest pressure and cultivar susceptibility into account. To determine the different grapevine cultivars susceptibility to D. suzukii, we tested twelve widely spread cultivars during the ripening period. We also tested three cultivars during the drying period for raisin wine production. The infestation and emergence rates were consequently related to chemical and texture features of the berries to explain the role of skin and pulp characteristics in determining the nature of the susceptibility. Our results showed that susceptibility to D. suzukii infestation varies across cultivars. On ripening grapes, infestation is primarily influenced by skin and pulp firmness, elasticity and consistency. Suitability for egg development resulted mainly related to skin and pulp deformation. In a drying loft, infestation may also occur in relation to skin and pulp consistency. Lastly, we discuss the practical implication of the underestimated role of berry texture in D. suzukii oviposition and emergence success, in both ripening and drying grapes.

Texture features explain the susceptibility of grapevine cultivars to Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) infestation in ripening and drying grapes

Tonina, L;Sancassani, M;Mori, N;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Grapevine is a well-known host plant of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii, but its susceptibility to pest oviposition and development greatly depends on the cultivar. To address environmental sustainability during viticultural zoning planning, new vineyard plantation and Integrated Pest Management programmes, it is essential to take pest pressure and cultivar susceptibility into account. To determine the different grapevine cultivars susceptibility to D. suzukii, we tested twelve widely spread cultivars during the ripening period. We also tested three cultivars during the drying period for raisin wine production. The infestation and emergence rates were consequently related to chemical and texture features of the berries to explain the role of skin and pulp characteristics in determining the nature of the susceptibility. Our results showed that susceptibility to D. suzukii infestation varies across cultivars. On ripening grapes, infestation is primarily influenced by skin and pulp firmness, elasticity and consistency. Suitability for egg development resulted mainly related to skin and pulp deformation. In a drying loft, infestation may also occur in relation to skin and pulp consistency. Lastly, we discuss the practical implication of the underestimated role of berry texture in D. suzukii oviposition and emergence success, in both ripening and drying grapes.
2020
Texture features, susceptibility, grapevine cultivars, ripening and drying period
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1028807
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