The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of tolterodine in women with overactive bladder (OAB) and concomitant anterior vaginal prolapse. In this prospective study, 235 consecutive women with OAB symptoms and urodynamic diagnosis of detrusor overactivity who either had no prolapse or had pure anterior vaginal prolapse were included: 184 women (group 1) had no prolapse and 51 women (group 2) had anterior prolapse greater than and equal to stage IIa. Tolterodine 4 mg slow release once a day was prescribed. After 12 weeks, women were reassessed using a 3-point scale (no change, improvement and cured). A total of 158 (85.9%) women in group 1 and 31 (60.8%) women in group 2 reported improvement or cure (P= 0.0002). Women with OAB and significant anterior vaginal prolapse should be informed of a reduced efficacy of antimuscarinics in treating their urinary symptoms.
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