The mean platelet volume (MPV) is an easy, rapid and inexpensive laboratory parameter which basically mirrors platelet size. Due to the essential role of platelets in hemostasis, many studies have assessed the MPV value in patients with arterial and venous thrombotic disorders. These have then been summarized in some interesting meta-analyses and recent studies that will be discussed in this narrative review. Taken together, the currently available evidence suggests that the MPV may be substantially increased in concomitance with acute episodes of coronary artery disease, venous thromboembolism, portal vein thrombosis, stroke, erectile dysfunction and preeclampsia. In many of these conditions, an increased MPV value may also be associated with unfavorable outcomes. Despite these convincing findings, some important technical issues should be considered for improving the clinical usefulness of this measure. These essentially include anticoagulant, timing of sample collection, the sample storage conditions, the influence of the analytical techniques, the approaches used for its calculation, the accurate definition of reference ranges and diagnostic cut-offs, as well as the current lack of standardization, which makes data obtained with different techniques/analyzers poorly comparable. Provided that the impact of these variables can be abated or minimized, the MPV can gain a valuable role in the laboratory workout of many arterial and venous thrombotic disorders.
|Titolo:||Mean platelet volume in arterial and venous thrombotic disorders|
LIPPI, Giuseppe (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|