Background and aims The rising tide of diabetes mellitus (DM) and prediabetes (PDM) is urgently calling for strategies easily applicable to anticipate diagnosis. We assessed the effectiveness of random capillary blood glucose (RCBG), administration of a validated DM risk questionnaire, or the combination of both. Materials and methods RCBG measurement and/or questionnaire administration were offered to all individuals presenting at gazebos organized during the World Diabetes Day or similar public initiatives on diabetes awareness. Subjects with suspicious DM or PDM were invited to the Diabetes Center (DC) for laboratory confirmation (fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c). Results Among 8563 individuals without known diabetes undergoing RCBG measurement, 341 (4%) had suspicious values. Diagnosis of DM was confirmed in 36 (41.9%) of the 86 subjects who came to the DC and PDM was found in 40 (46.5%). Among 3351 subjects to whom the questionnaire was administered, 480 (14.3%) had suspicious scores. Diagnosis of DM was confirmed in 40 (10.1%) of the 397 who came to the DC and PDM was found in 214 (53.9%). These 3351 subjects also had RCBG measurement and 30 out of them had both tests positive. Among them, 27 subjects came to DC and DM was diagnosed in 17 (63.0%) and PDM was found in 9 (33.3%). Conclusions These data suggest that RCBG definitely outperforms the questionnaire to identify unknown DM and PDM. RCBG measurement, with questionnaire as an adjunctive tool, appears to be a simple, fast, and feasible opportunistic strategy in detecting undiagnosed DM and PDM.

Assessment of simple strategies for identifying undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes in the general population

Bonora E;Dauriz M;Rinaldi E;Mantovani A;Avogaro A
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background and aims The rising tide of diabetes mellitus (DM) and prediabetes (PDM) is urgently calling for strategies easily applicable to anticipate diagnosis. We assessed the effectiveness of random capillary blood glucose (RCBG), administration of a validated DM risk questionnaire, or the combination of both. Materials and methods RCBG measurement and/or questionnaire administration were offered to all individuals presenting at gazebos organized during the World Diabetes Day or similar public initiatives on diabetes awareness. Subjects with suspicious DM or PDM were invited to the Diabetes Center (DC) for laboratory confirmation (fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c). Results Among 8563 individuals without known diabetes undergoing RCBG measurement, 341 (4%) had suspicious values. Diagnosis of DM was confirmed in 36 (41.9%) of the 86 subjects who came to the DC and PDM was found in 40 (46.5%). Among 3351 subjects to whom the questionnaire was administered, 480 (14.3%) had suspicious scores. Diagnosis of DM was confirmed in 40 (10.1%) of the 397 who came to the DC and PDM was found in 214 (53.9%). These 3351 subjects also had RCBG measurement and 30 out of them had both tests positive. Among them, 27 subjects came to DC and DM was diagnosed in 17 (63.0%) and PDM was found in 9 (33.3%). Conclusions These data suggest that RCBG definitely outperforms the questionnaire to identify unknown DM and PDM. RCBG measurement, with questionnaire as an adjunctive tool, appears to be a simple, fast, and feasible opportunistic strategy in detecting undiagnosed DM and PDM.
Capillary blood glucose
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes risk questionnaire
Prediabetes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1028210
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