BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to analyze the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections (CI), in combination with or without a local anaesthetic, for Civinini-Morton's Syndrome to determine which protocol could be the most appropriate among conservative treatments.METHODS: All selected articles were screened using a thorough database search of PubMed, EMBASE and SCOPUS to assess their suitability to the research focus.RESULTS: Selection produced 10 articles as full-text, for a total of 590 patients, with a mean follow-up of 14 ± 14.2 (range 3-48) months. Johnson satisfaction scale, resulting from 6 studies, scored 25.6% (range 5-38) and 39.4% (range 15-51.8), respectively completely satisfied and satisfied with minor reservations. Mean VAS, declared in 5 studies, decreased from 70.7 ± 16.5 (range 67-89) to 33.4 ± 7.6 (26-42.5) points (p < 0.01). Most common complication was skin depigmentation in 7 (2.6%) cases.CONCLUSIONS: CI appear to be a safe treatment allowing good results with a very low complications rate. A neuroma of 6.3 mm seems to be the cut-off size; below which CI could have best indications and be considered as an intermediate treatment between shoe modifications and more invasive procedures such as percutaneous alcoholization or surgery.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, systematic review.

Effectiveness of corticosteroid injections in Civinini-Morton's Syndrome: A systematic review

Samaila, Elena;Negri, Stefano;Valentini, Roberto;Magnan, Bruno
2021-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to analyze the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections (CI), in combination with or without a local anaesthetic, for Civinini-Morton's Syndrome to determine which protocol could be the most appropriate among conservative treatments.METHODS: All selected articles were screened using a thorough database search of PubMed, EMBASE and SCOPUS to assess their suitability to the research focus.RESULTS: Selection produced 10 articles as full-text, for a total of 590 patients, with a mean follow-up of 14 ± 14.2 (range 3-48) months. Johnson satisfaction scale, resulting from 6 studies, scored 25.6% (range 5-38) and 39.4% (range 15-51.8), respectively completely satisfied and satisfied with minor reservations. Mean VAS, declared in 5 studies, decreased from 70.7 ± 16.5 (range 67-89) to 33.4 ± 7.6 (26-42.5) points (p < 0.01). Most common complication was skin depigmentation in 7 (2.6%) cases.CONCLUSIONS: CI appear to be a safe treatment allowing good results with a very low complications rate. A neuroma of 6.3 mm seems to be the cut-off size; below which CI could have best indications and be considered as an intermediate treatment between shoe modifications and more invasive procedures such as percutaneous alcoholization or surgery.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, systematic review.
2021
Civinini
Conservative treatment
Corticosteroid injection
Interdigital nerve
Morton’s neuroma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1028136
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