Systemic chronic inflammation may favor the onset of metabolic syndrome (MetS) which represents a risk factor for CV events. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are disorders with high prevalence of MetS. We assessed the factors associated with MetS and its prognostic role in non-selected RA/AS/PsA patients. Between March 2014 and April 2016, 458 patients (228 RA, 134 PsA, 96 AS) selected for a primary prevention program for cardiovascular diseases were analyzed. Primary and co-primary end points were a composite of all-cause death/all-cause hospitalization and CV death/CV hospitalization, respectively. MetS was diagnosed according to the IDF Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention. Patients were divided into MetS+(73=16%) and MetS - (385=84%). At multivariate logistic analysis, cancer, moderate/high disease activity, higher LV mass (LVM) and degree of LV diastolic dysfunction were independently associated with MetS. At 36-month follow-up, the event rate for primary/co-primary end point was 52/15% in MetS+vs 23/7% in MetS - (both p<0.001). At multivariate Cox regression analysis, MetS was related to primary end point (HR 1.52 [CI 1.01-2.47], p=0.04) together with higher LVM, disease duration and higher prevalence of biologic DMARDs refractoriness, and to co-primary end point (HR 2.05 [CI 1.16-3.60], p=0.01) together with older age and higher LVM. The RA/AS/PsA phenotype MetS+is a subject with moderate/high disease activity, LV structural and functional abnormalities at increased risk for cancer. MetS+identifies RA/AS/PsA patients at higher risk for CV and non-CV events, independently of traditional CV risk factors analyzed individually and traditional indexes of inflammation.

Clinical profile and outcome of patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis and metabolic syndrome

Cioffi, Giovanni;Viapiana, Ombretta;Orsolini, Giovanni;Idolazzi, Luca;Dalbeni, Andrea;Gatti, Davide;Fassio, Angelo;Rossini, Maurizio;Giollo, Alessandro
2020

Abstract

Systemic chronic inflammation may favor the onset of metabolic syndrome (MetS) which represents a risk factor for CV events. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are disorders with high prevalence of MetS. We assessed the factors associated with MetS and its prognostic role in non-selected RA/AS/PsA patients. Between March 2014 and April 2016, 458 patients (228 RA, 134 PsA, 96 AS) selected for a primary prevention program for cardiovascular diseases were analyzed. Primary and co-primary end points were a composite of all-cause death/all-cause hospitalization and CV death/CV hospitalization, respectively. MetS was diagnosed according to the IDF Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention. Patients were divided into MetS+(73=16%) and MetS - (385=84%). At multivariate logistic analysis, cancer, moderate/high disease activity, higher LV mass (LVM) and degree of LV diastolic dysfunction were independently associated with MetS. At 36-month follow-up, the event rate for primary/co-primary end point was 52/15% in MetS+vs 23/7% in MetS - (both p<0.001). At multivariate Cox regression analysis, MetS was related to primary end point (HR 1.52 [CI 1.01-2.47], p=0.04) together with higher LVM, disease duration and higher prevalence of biologic DMARDs refractoriness, and to co-primary end point (HR 2.05 [CI 1.16-3.60], p=0.01) together with older age and higher LVM. The RA/AS/PsA phenotype MetS+is a subject with moderate/high disease activity, LV structural and functional abnormalities at increased risk for cancer. MetS+identifies RA/AS/PsA patients at higher risk for CV and non-CV events, independently of traditional CV risk factors analyzed individually and traditional indexes of inflammation.
Ankylosing spondylitis
Cancer
Cardiovascular risk factors
Clinical outcomes
Metabolic syndrome
Prognosis
Psoriatic arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1027795
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