This paper explores the effectiveness of different trade policy instruments on product-level Chinese imports over the period of 2000-2006. More specifically, in addition to the declines in tariffs, we investigate the impact on imports of the gradual removal of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) as agreed within the WTO's accession protocol in 2001 (such as import quotas, licenses and tendering requirements). We document that while manufacturing imports mainly increase because of tariff cuts, agricultural imports grow due to the elimination of import licenses. However, we provide evidence that quota elimination is associated with a redistribution of imports along a larger range of countries, whereas tendering liberalization is connected to an import reallocation from OECD to non-OECD countries. Finally, we also find that NTB protection is complementary to tariff protection and discriminating against foreign-owned manufacturing firms.

China and WTO liberalization: Imports, tariffs and non-tariff barriers

Imbruno M.
2016-01-01

Abstract

This paper explores the effectiveness of different trade policy instruments on product-level Chinese imports over the period of 2000-2006. More specifically, in addition to the declines in tariffs, we investigate the impact on imports of the gradual removal of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) as agreed within the WTO's accession protocol in 2001 (such as import quotas, licenses and tendering requirements). We document that while manufacturing imports mainly increase because of tariff cuts, agricultural imports grow due to the elimination of import licenses. However, we provide evidence that quota elimination is associated with a redistribution of imports along a larger range of countries, whereas tendering liberalization is connected to an import reallocation from OECD to non-OECD countries. Finally, we also find that NTB protection is complementary to tariff protection and discriminating against foreign-owned manufacturing firms.
2016
China
Imports
Non-tariff barriers
Tariffs
WTO liberalization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1025053
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